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In: Die Sozialität der Individualisierung
In: Heterogenität


Roads negatively affect wildlife populations globally, causing habitat fragmentation that can facilitate mortality by access to forest for poaching and wildlife collisions with vehicles. Primate habitats are vulnerable to fragmentation exposing them to anthropogenic threats. Endangered dusky langurs (Trachypithecus obscurus) in Malaysia are often found in urban areas and have been frequent victims of vehicle collisions. To mitigate the hazardous impact of a busy asphalt road on wild dusky langurs in Teluk Bahang, Penang, we built the first artificial road canopy bridge in Malaysia in February 2019 to assist arboreal wildlife to move between habitat fragments more safely. Four days after the bridge construction, the first long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) was recorded via a camera trap crossing the bridge, and plantain squirrels (Callosciurus notatus) and dusky langurs first crossed one and eight months later, respectively. The bridge was upgraded from a single-firehose rope to a double-rope in August 2020 to assess the effectiveness of the two designs. In total, 2128 animal crossings comprising three mammal species were recorded between March 2019 and May 2021. Plantain squirrels crossed the bridge most frequently with 2075 crossings, long-tailed macaques crossed 32 times, and dusky langurs 21 times. There was a significant difference in bridge use according to species between the two designs (Chi-Square, p < 0.001). Since the construction of the bridge, the rate of previously frequently reported primate roadkills near the bridge location has dropped to zero. This successful pilot project has spurred the efforts to implement more canopy bridges country-wide to support primate conservation efforts and better protect arboreal wildlife from the negative impacts of linear infrastructure.

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In: Folia Primatologica
In den gegenwärtigen Schul- und Unterrichtsdiskursen nimmt Individualisierung eine ebenso zentrale wie ambivalente Rolle ein: So scheint sie die Lösung zunehmend drängender Herausforderungen wie den Umgang mit Heterogenität, die schulische Reproduktion sozialer Ungleichheit und zahlreiche Motivations- und Disziplinarschwierigkeiten zu versprechen, ohne dass allerdings die zahlreichen Analysen zu den Ambivalenzen der Individualisierung berücksichtigt würden.
Vor diesem Hintergrund fragt der Band sowohl nach der ungebrochenen Anziehungskraft der Versprechungen der Individualisierung als auch nach den in individualisierten Verhältnissen entstehenden Sozialitätsformen und sucht darin eine sozialtheoretisch justierte Perspektive auf Erziehung und Lernen zu eröffnen.