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In: How India Clothed the World
In: How India Clothed the World
Author: Om Prakash

Abstract

The paper analyses the composition, social organization and wide range of activities of the Indian maritime merchant of the early modern period. Regional contrasts between Gujarat, the Coromandel coast and Bengal are discussed. The last section of the paper discusses the interaction between the Indian maritime merchants and the Europeans, both the corporate enterprises as well as private traders. It is argued that the Indian merchants displayed a remarkable degree of adaptiveness and resilience and refused to be overwhelmed by the competition provided by the Europeans. Cet article analyse la composition, l'organisation sociale, et les activités diverses qu'exploitent les marchands maritimes indiens du début de la période moderne. Les contrastes régionaux entre le Gujarat, la côte du Coromandel et le Bengal passeront la revue. La dernière section de l'article est consacrée à l'interaction entre les marchands maritimes indiens et les Européens, tant les grandes sociétés de négoce que la marine de commerce privée. Il est avancé que les marchands indiens se montrèrent très adaptifs et dynamiques et qu'ils refusèrent d'être subjugués par la concurrence survenue par l'arrivée des Européens.

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
In: Hof en handel
In: The Maritime Frontier of Burma
In: Tracing the New Indian Diaspora
In: Tracing the New Indian Diaspora
Author: Om Prakash

Abstract

The paper first situates the trade carried on by private European traders in the overall framework of the Indian Ocean trade in the early-modern period. It then discusses in some detail the trading network of private English merchants in the Western Indian Ocean with special reference to the Surat-Mocha link in the 1720s and the 1730s. The evidence base is provided mainly by the private papers of Sir Robert Cowan, governor of Bombay between 1729 and 1734 and a major English private trader, operating in collaboration with Henry Lowther, chief of the English factory at Surat. Cette contribution replace tout d'abord les activités commerciales menées par les négociants européens dans le cadre général du commerce de l'Océan indien au cours de la période moderne. Elle examine ensuite avec quelque détail le réseau commercial établi par des négociants anglais privés dans le secteur occidentalde l'Océan indien, plus particulièrement les relations instituées entre Surat et Moka dans les années 1720-1730. Les données présentées ont été tirées principalement de la correspondance privée de Sir Robert Cowan, gouverneur de Bombay (1729-1734) et grand négociant privé, associé à Henry Lowther, responsable du comptoir de Surat.

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

Tabish Khair’s novel, The Things About Thugs (2010), highlights many deeply vexed issues that are central to any discussion on colonial/postcolonial humanism. The importance of the novel lies in the fact that it goes on to evoke the diverse ways of construction of ‘the Other’ as dangerous, diabolical, and uncivilized by ‘the Self.’ Ostensibly, in this creation of the Other there is a continual denial of allowing the Other to relate to the Self, and at the same time, a tendency to cast the Self and the Other as simplified opposites of each other. Because there is a denial, there exists repercussions of flagrant contestations, which inevitably dismantle the peace and the dream of a utopian world. It is these vital issues of fear, horror and violence that Tabish Khair powerfully brings out in this novel. Khair’s novel can be read as a tool for analyzing how the Other has been viewed as problematic and a major form of fear. He does so by meticulously examining the polemical dichotomy of East and West, and (c)overtly suggesting his preference for highlighting issues of Otherness and ghost stories as a cogent alternative in order to break the negative stereotyping of the Other. The present paper seeks to study the representations of racial fear and horror in Khair’s The Things About Thugs by analysing the politics of negative stereotyping of Blacks/Asians by the Whites in the (post)colonial world.

In: Cultural Experiences of Fear, Horror and Terror