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An International Journal
Editor-in-Chief: Panos Merkouris
Brill Open Law (BOL) is a principal outlet for scholarly articles in international law studies. BOL is a peer-reviewed full open access journal and provides a unique platform for academic debates and critical analysis. The journal offers a meeting space for scholars across international law, including: human rights and humanitarian law, private international law and public international law.

This is a fully Open Access journal, which means that all articles are freely available online, ensuring maximum, worldwide dissemination of content, in exchange for an Article Publication Charge (APC). For more information, see Brill Open.

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Author: Panos Merkouris
In Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration: Normative Shadows in Plato’s Cave the author tackles a provision on treaty interpretation that has risen in prominence, Article 31(3)(c) VCLT. This article, which enshrines the principle of systemic integration, and its exact scope has become and continues to be a hotly debated subject in academic and judicial circles.
Through an examination of both its written and unwritten elements, the author argues that the ‘proximity criterion’ is the optimal way of understanding and utilizing this provision, that conflict resolution principles may be of use within Article 31(3)(c) and finally, that the principle of systemic integration is indispensable not only for interpreting treaty provisions but customary international law as well.
In: International Community Law Review
Author: Panos Merkouris


Panos Merkouris delves into the treatment by the Court of issues relating to the termination of international treaties, recalling that the Judgment dealt with several grounds of termination set forth in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, in a case which did not fall under the scope of the Convention as such; the main contribution of the Court in this respect is thus the clarification as to the customary status of those rules, which was not seriously put in question by later practice.

In: The Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Judgment and Its Contribution to the Development of International Law
In: Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration
In: Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration
In: Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration