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Savoring Life with an Unsympathetic World View

Sabbath as Rest and Contemplation in Gospel of Thomas Logion 27

Paul Linjamaa

This article discusses the enigmatic logion 27 in the Gospel of Thomas. It argues that preconceived notions of the text being “Gnostic” have affected previous interpretations of how the Sabbath is portrayed in logion 27. A discussion follows concerning the many different interpretations of the elusive second part of the logion and the phrase σαββατίσητε τὸ σάββατον/ⲉⲓⲣⲉ ⲙ̄ⲡⲥⲁⲙⲃⲁⲧⲟⲛ ⲛ̄ⲥⲁⲃⲃⲁⲧⲟⲛ. This has most often been interpreted as an admonition to reject the world. Instead, it is argued that the phrase should be understood as an admonition to “rest on the Sabbath,” with the intention of contemplating higher truths while lingering in corporeality.

The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5)

A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics


Paul Linjamaa

In The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5) Paul Linjamaa offers the first full length thematical monograph on the longest Valentinian text extant today. By investigating the ethics of The Tripartite Tractate, this study offers in-depth exploration of the text's ontology, epistemology, theory of will, and passions, as well as the anthropology and social setting of the text.

Valentinians have often been associated with determinism, which has been presented as “Gnostic” and then not taken seriously, or been disregarded as an invention of ancient intra-Christian polemics. Linjamaa challenges this conception and presents insights into how early Christian determinism actually worked, and how it effectively sustained viable and functioning ethics.