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Paul van Geest

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Biel’s notion of the nature of the will, the formal and material cause of free will, and the relation between the will and sensory strivings, the intellect, grace and the will of God as the highest rule of the moral order, has been exhaustively studied on the basis of his explicit comments on the subject in the Collectorium. The current article attempts to determine Biel’s view of the intellect, the will, and memory on the basis of a close reading of the text of Canonis Missae Expositio alone. It examines the precise words Biel uses when reflecting on these faculties. Furthermore, the functions or defects that he implicitly assigns to them are also taken into consideration since they reveal what importance he affords to a particular faculty in the process of formation towards God, a process that is his objective in explaining the Roman Canon and the Mass’ prayers to God. The article demonstrates that, whereas Biel is optimistic about the power and possibilities of free will in the Collectorium, in the Canonis Missae Expositio he mainly emphasises the tendencies within and outside homo viator that weaken and wound the human faculties, mentioned above. More than the other faculties Biel views memoria as a ‘purification system’, because memory lies at the basis of purification of the mind and is the place where man becomes ardent in his love for Christ.


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Paul van Geest

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Paul van Geest

This article argues that in the Vita Antonii Athanasius’s realistic colouring of some commonplaces indicates that more justice has been done to Anthony’s personality, as Athanasius experienced it, than the emphasis on his indebtedness to classical literature suggests. The central question in this article is: how does Athanasius show himself to be a mystagogue in his Vita Antonii? It is shown that the monastic formation process, by which Athanasius represents Anthony’s life, comprehends five stages. At the first two stages the fear of God’s judgement is the driving and purifying force in the ordo vitae. In the third and fourth stages, Athanasius formulates the first aim of his mystagogy: the restoration of Adam’s original state of the soul, marked by imperturbability and serenity. During the fifth and last stage, however, the teacher is faithful to the directives that were taught to him at the very beginning of his monastic life. Now, however, ascesis is not inspired by the fear of the Lord but merely by the love of Christ.

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Strangers and Pilgrims on Earth

Essays in Honour of Abraham van de Beek

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The title Strangers and Pilgrims on Earth (Hebrews 11:13) captures well the eschatological nature of the christology which has become so central in the theological enterprise of Prof. dr. Abraham van de Beek. At the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday in October 2011, many of his former colleagues and students honour him in this Festschrift with a contribution to one of the themes that have been central to his theology: christology, theology of Israel, eschatology, theology of the church, creation theology, and freedom of religion. The volume opens with an article providing an overview of his theological development, one probing his deepest theological intentions, and with an up to date bibliography.

Contributors include: Martien Brinkman, Johan Buitendag, Jaesung Cha, Pieter Coertzen, Ernst Conradie, Gerrit de Kruijf, Bert de Leede, Adelbert Denaux, Gerard den Hertog, Rene de Reuver, Henk de Roest, Andre Drost, Szilveszter Füsti-Molnár, Harm Goris, Botond Gudor, John Hesselink, Jan Hoek, Gerrit Immink, Allan Janssen, Tamás Juhász, Nico Koopman, Daniel Migliore, ChristIan Mostert, István Pásztori-Kupán, Christoff Pauw, Arjan Plaisier, Ad Prosman, Bernhard Reitsma, Riemer Roukema, Frank Sawyer, Alan Sell, Matthias Smalbrugge, Gerrit Singgih, Dirkie Smit, Adrianus Cardinal Simonis, Ferenc Szűcs, Eep Talstra, Wessel ten Boom, Johann Theron, Jacob van Beelen, Henk van den Belt, Gijsbert van den Brink, Leon van den Broeke, Eduardus Van der Borght, Kees van der Kooi, Paul van Geest, Sjaak van 't Kruis, Willem van Vlastuin, Amie van Wyk, Danie Veldsman, Rian Venter, Wim Verboom, Koos Vorster, Nico Vorster, Robert Vosloo, Henk Vroom, Paul Wells.