Barhebraeus (13th c.) Butyrum sapientiae Books of Ethics, Economy and Politics
Author: Peter Joosse
This volume deals with the part on practical philosophy in Barhebraeus's "Butyrum sapientiae" or " Cream of Wisdom". The practical philosophy in this large encyclopaedia of Aristotelean thinking in this Syriac language consists of three books: Ethics, Economy and Politics.
The books of Ethics and Politics have been edited, translated and commented upon for the very first time in this publication.
These books are unique and probably the only specimens of its kind, surviving in the Syriac language and literature. They were written at the end of Barhebraeus's life (1285/86) during a period in which the Syriac language had been rapidly losing ground to Arabic and was to almost disappear as a living language not long after the author's death.
Author: N. Peter Joosse

There are only two manuscripts of Barhebraeus’ Arabic Prognosticon commentary that have been described in catalogues. They are, moreover, incomplete and inaccessible and even considered lost for posterity. However, the present author, during recent ‘fieldwork’ in Istanbul (2011), recovered a complete manuscript of Barhebraeus’ abridged commentary on the Hippocratic Prognosticon, which also contains exciting new information on his commentary of the Aphorisms. The manuscript under consideration remained dormant for more than 700 years. This breakthrough finding will shed light on and be of significance for our understanding of Barhebraeus’ works and will also highlight his relationship to those authors who had major influences on his work. The newly discovered text will moreover offer us the possibility to study the position and status of Barhebraeus’ commentary within the corpus of Arabic commentaries on the Hippocratic Prognosticon or Taqdimat al-maʿrifa.

In: Oriens
In: Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages

The Arabic Diatessaron Project (henceforth ADP) is an international research project in Digital Humanities that aims to collect, digitalise and encode all known manuscripts of the Arabic Diatessaron (henceforth AD), a text that has been relatively neglected in scholarly research.

ADP’s final goal is to provide a number of tools that can enable scholars to effectively query, compare and investigate all known variants of the text that will be encoded as far as possible in compliance with the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) guidelines.

The paper addresses a number of issues involved in the process of digitalising manuscripts included in the two existing editions (Ciasca 1888 and Marmardji 1935), adding variants in unedited manuscripts, encoding and lemmatising the text.

Issues involved in the design of the ADP include presentation of variants, choice of the standard text, applicability of TEI guidelines, automatic translation between different encodings, cross-edition concordances and principles of lemmatisation.

In: Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture