Volume Editor: Philip Walsh
Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristophanes provides a substantive account of the reception of Aristophanes (c. 446-386 BC) from Antiquity to the present. Aristophanes was the renowned master of Old Attic Comedy, a dramatic genre defined by its topical satire, high poetry, frank speech, and obscenity. Since their initial production in classical Athens, his comedies have fascinated, inspired, and repelled critics, readers, translators, and performers. The book includes seventeen chapters that explore the ways in which the plays of Aristophanes have been understood, appropriated, adapted, translated, taught, and staged. Careful attention has been given to critical moments of reception across temporal, linguistic, cultural, and national boundaries.
In: Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristophanes 
In: Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristophanes 
In: Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristophanes 
In: The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl
Author: Philip J. Walsh

This paper argues for a Husserlian account of phenomenal intentionality. Experience is intentional insofar as it presents a mind-independent, objective world. Its doing so is a matter of the way it hangs together, its having a certain structure. But in order for the intentionality in question to be properly understood as phenomenal intentionality, this structure must inhere in experience as a phenomenal feature. Husserl’s concept of horizon designates this intentionality-bestowing experiential structure, while his concept of motivation designates the unique phenomenal character of this structure as it is experientially lived through. The way experience hangs together is itself a phenomenal feature of experience.

In: Grazer Philosophische Studien
Author: Philip J. Walsh

Husserl introduces a phenomenological concept called “motivation” early in the First Investigation of his magnum opus, the Logical Investigations. The importance of this concept has been overlooked since Husserl passes over it rather quickly on his way to an analysis of the meaningful nature of expression. I argue, however, that motivation is essential to Husserl’s overall project, even if it is not essential for defining expression in the First Investigation. For Husserl, motivation is a relation between mental acts whereby the content of one act make some further meaningful content probable. I explicate the nature of this relation in terms of “evidentiary weight” and differentiate it from Husserl’s notion of Evidenz, often translated as “self-evidence”. I elucidate the importance of motivation in Husserl’s overall phenomenological project by focusing on his analyses of thing-perception and empathy. Through these examples, we can better understand the continuity between the Logical Investigations and Husserl’s later work.

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis

It is widely accepted that air transport requires, and will continue to require, liquid fuels into the near future. In this regard biofuels, consisting of a wide range of naturally derived products, most notably bioethanol and biodiesel, provide vital options for pursuing a sustainable road to powering the global air transportation network. IEA in its 2050 biofuel roadmap stipulates the expansion of biofuels from 2% to 27% of global transportation fuels by 2050 could potentially displace enough petroleum to reduce emissions equivalent to 2.1 gigatonnes of CO2 – about as much as the net CO2 absorbed by the ocean. But life cycle studies of corn-based bioethanol have reported minimal or greater greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when compared to petrol equivalents. Favourable government policies, environmental legislations and emission standards are seen to be good indicators of biofuel development in the years to come. The massive proliferation of first generation biofuels has not come without significant social costs and controversy. The rush to develop biofuels has diverted substantial amounts of agricultural resources from food production towards bio-refineries. The profitability of energy crops have prompted many farmers to shift from growing food crops to cultivating fuel crops causing a ripple effect whereby compensatory food production was extended to forested areas and non-conventional agricultural lands. In tropical countries like Malaysia and Indonesia, favourable policies have allowed for largescale deforestation to accommodate palm oil production. This chapter serves to provide a comparison of the economic, social and environmental impacts and benefits of algae biofuel for air transport with first generation biofuels and conventional fossil fuels using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. The findings suggest that while algae biofuel production compares favourably with alternatives in terms of its social and environmental impact there remains a need for further technical innovation in order to make it economically sustainable.

In: Looking Within: Finding an Environmental Justice and Global Citizenship Lens


The present study explores police violence during the riots in London and Gezi Park protests in Istanbul. This study puts forth that the rise of social injustice in the uk and the erosion of plural democracy in Turkey clarify the paradox of state intervention because the two states prioritized rapid repression of uprising without consolidating public trust and social justice in the society. This comparative study reveals that the liberal and non-religious elements of the capitalist ruling system in the uk contain similar fractions of state repression when compared to the authoritarian and religious elements of the capitalist ruling system in Turkey. The authors conclude that police violence endures the social control of dissident communities while it maintains the sustainability of different capitalist ruling systems in the periods of social unrest.

In: Comparative Sociology