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In: Friedrich Christian Laukhard (1757–1822)

This essay concerns the penetration of Cartesian ideas into medical practices and theories related to new anatomical techniques in the mid seventeenth century, and with their transfer from the Netherlands to Flanders and Germany. It begins with an overview of debates on embalmment and dissection, which were provoked by the work of the Flemish anatomical practitioner Lodewijk de Bils (1624-1671). The presence of Cartesian themes in these debates is here considered, followed by an examination of the reception and implementation of De Bils’ techniques by medical Cartesians in Germany, with a focus on the embalmment experiments conducted in Frankfurt (Oder) by De Bils’ former assistant, professor Tobias Andreae (1633-1685), and finally, an assessment of the Cartesian framework underlying these medical experimentation and debates.


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In: Early Science and Medicine

Abstract

<title> ABSTRACT </title>Explaining the Copernican doctrine in a concise passage of THE ASH Wednesday Supper (La cena de le Ceneri, London, 1584), Giordano Bruno ascribed four motions to the earth, although Copernicus limited their number to three. This discrepancy may seem a mere misunderstanding, but a detailed and contextual reading of the passage reveals that Bruno, although accepting the Copernican 'idea' of explaining the motions of the sun and of the fixed stars through the displacement of our planet, Bruno probably drew these motions from Peuerbach's Theoricae novae planetarum rather than from Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. Thus, he 'transferred' to the earth the annual revolution and the three motions traditionally ascribed to the fixed stars (daily rotation, precession of the equinoxes and 'trepidation') to the earth: which makes four motions altogether.

In: Nuncius
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)
In: Duncan Liddel (1561-1613)