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In: Bernardino Telesio and the Natural Sciences in the Renaissance
In: Friedrich Christian Laukhard (1757–1822)

This essay concerns the penetration of Cartesian ideas into medical practices and theories related to new anatomical techniques in the mid seventeenth century, and with their transfer from the Netherlands to Flanders and Germany. It begins with an overview of debates on embalmment and dissection, which were provoked by the work of the Flemish anatomical practitioner Lodewijk de Bils (1624-1671). The presence of Cartesian themes in these debates is here considered, followed by an examination of the reception and implementation of De Bils’ techniques by medical Cartesians in Germany, with a focus on the embalmment experiments conducted in Frankfurt (Oder) by De Bils’ former assistant, professor Tobias Andreae (1633-1685), and finally, an assessment of the Cartesian framework underlying these medical experimentation and debates.


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In: Early Science and Medicine
In: Kepler’s New Star (1604)
In: Bernardino Telesio and the Natural Sciences in the Renaissance
In: Bernardino Telesio and the Natural Sciences in the Renaissance

Abstract

<title> ABSTRACT </title>Explaining the Copernican doctrine in a concise passage of THE ASH Wednesday Supper (La cena de le Ceneri, London, 1584), Giordano Bruno ascribed four motions to the earth, although Copernicus limited their number to three. This discrepancy may seem a mere misunderstanding, but a detailed and contextual reading of the passage reveals that Bruno, although accepting the Copernican 'idea' of explaining the motions of the sun and of the fixed stars through the displacement of our planet, Bruno probably drew these motions from Peuerbach's Theoricae novae planetarum rather than from Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. Thus, he 'transferred' to the earth the annual revolution and the three motions traditionally ascribed to the fixed stars (daily rotation, precession of the equinoxes and 'trepidation') to the earth: which makes four motions altogether.

In: Nuncius
In Copernicus in the Cultural Debates of the Renaissance, Pietro Daniel Omodeo presents a general overview of the reception of Copernicus’s astronomical proposal from the years immediately preceding the publication of De revolutionibus (1543) to the Roman prohibition of heliocentric hypotheses in 1616. Relying on a detailed investigation of early modern sources, the author systematically examines a series of issues ranging from computation to epistemology, natural philosophy, theology and ethics. In addition to offering a pluralistic and interdisciplinary perspective on post-Copernican astronomy, the study goes beyond purely cosmological and geometrical issues and engages in a wide-ranging discussion of how Copernicus’s legacy interacted with European culture and how his image and theories evolved as a result.