Search Results

The Evidence of 'Heresy' from Photius' Bibliotheca 
Clement of Alexandria (c.150–215 CE) is one of the most significant theologians of the second-century, and his work is still the subject of intense academic debate. This book provides a new perspective on Clement’s thought, through a critical examination of the work of one of his critics, Photios (c.820–893 CE). Photios, the Patriarch of Constantinople, based his critique on Clement’s (now lost) treatise ‘Hypotyposeis’, claiming the work contained eight ‘heresies’. The book examines each ‘error’ listed in the 109th codex of Photios’ ‘Bibliotheca’ in depth, using evidence from Clement’s existing work to consider the likely accuracy of Photios’ critique. Focusing on these eight ‘heresies’ offers a unique opportunity to illuminate what in terms of post-Nicene orthodoxy are Clement’s most problematic opinions, setting them in the context of their original philosophical and theological frame.


The paper examines the use of the Gospel of John in the writings of Clement of Alexandria. In order to establish a proper background for Clement’s references to John, the first part presents an assessment of the reception of the Gospel by various heterodox and orthodox groups of Christians during the early second century. The second part explores Clement’s specific interest in the Gospel of John. The paper lists the most popular passages from John in Clement’s oeuvre and also discusses the role of the Prologue in Clement’s apologetic theology. The third part discusses the role of John in the construction of Clement’s Logos-theology.

In: Clement’s Biblical Exegesis
In: The Seventh Book of the Stromateis


This paper examines the Teachings of Silvanus (NHC VII,4) as a specific exhortation to the attainment of wisdom by the Christian disciple. It discusses the significance of the ethical proposal to the mind, virtue, and freedom. Next, it highlights the principle values of the inner life as advocated by the document. Finally, the paper shows the extension of ethics in the sphere of spirituality and mysticism. This examination pays special attention to the Alexandrian theological legacy, which includes some notions borrowed from Jewish wisdom literature, Philo, Christian Scriptures, and two philosophical traditions: Roman Stoicism and Middle Platonism. The paper shows how the text’s rhetoric and pedagogy, although combining various philosophical and Scriptural sources, creatively constructed a unique Christian model of self-transformation suggested by the Teachings of Silvanus.

In: Gnosis: Journal of Gnostic Studies