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Chapter 19 Textbooks
Author: Pirjo Hiidenmaa

Abstract

The National Romantic era of the 19th century in Finland saw rapid progress in literacy, the education system and the publishing industry. In the 20th century, education played a crucial role in the construction of the welfare state in Finland. The latter half of the century witnessed extensive school reform - the same school for all. In these developments, school textbooks have been in a key position: the textbook business enabled the growth of publishing and the reading culture. From the economic point of view, textbooks have been the cornerstone of Finnish book publishing. From an ideological perspective, textbooks have created, changed and supported worldviews generation after generation. In this chapter, I describe the role of textbooks in the field of education in Finland, with special emphasis on the school reform of the 1970s. In order to understand this development, I have provided a brief description of the national romantic era, when the ethos of education and the concept of a textbook were created.

In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
Part 3 The Growth of Nationalism and the Formation of Democracy
In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
Listen to the podcast with Editors Merethe Roos and Henrik Edgren

This volume addresses a gap in previous research and explores Nordic textbooks chronologically and empirically from the Protestant Reformation to our present time. The chapters are written by scholars from universities in Finland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, countries that distinguish themselves with a rich tradition of textbook research. The authors represent different academic traditions and use a wide range of scholarly methods and perspectives. The overall objective is to highlight how textbooks reflect national cultural politics and legislation. The various chapters cast light on how textbooks are integrated in national politics and demonstrate how they have contributed to nation-building and to strengthening the nations’ core values and other major political projects.

Contributors are: Karl Christian Alvestad, Norunn Askeland, Kjell Lars Berge, Peter Bernhardsson, Kerstin Bornholdt, Mads B. Claudi, Henrik Edgren, Morten Fink-Jensen, Stig Toke Gissel, Thomas Illum Hansen, Pirjo Hiidenmaa, Marthe Hommerstad, Axel Hörstedt, Kari-Anne Jørgensen-Vittersø, Tujia Laine, Esbjörn Larsson, Ragnhild Elisabeth Lund, Christina Matthiesen, Eva Maagerø, Tuva Skjelbred Nodeland, Kari H. Nordberg, Merethe Roos, Henriette Hogga Siljan, Johan Laurits Tønnesson and Janne Varjo.