This chapter explores the inter-relationship of life writing and the narratives of illness and disability. It will trace background of the concept of life-writing and its conceptualisation into the arena of disability studies. The chapter will look at different modes in which life writing has been studied for instance the memoir, biography, testimony and letters in order to create a distinction between writing by the self for the self and writing the self of the other by the other. This concept of the self and the other will be studied from the Bakhtinian notion of the self and the other with reference to the works of Oliver W. Sacks. In connection to this idea, the chapter will navigate the terrain of life-writing and disability discourse to question the means of subjectivisation offered in the dialectics between abledbodied others and the disabled self.
Sea mussels form dense aggregations on temperate rocky shores; however, in the absence of such firm substrates, biogenic surface such as the calcified integument of crustaceans may become settlement sites for their larvae. In this paper we present the first report on the association between the California mussel Mytilus californianus Conrad, 1837 and the Pacific sand crab Emerita analoga (Stimpson, 1857), collected from a sandy beach in Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. We examined 63 crabs, and three had epibiotic mussels attached on their lateroventral surfaces. The organisms were measured and photographed. Such low incidence rate is tied to the collection site, as sandy beaches are considered atypical habitats for this bivalve species. The occurrence of epibiotic M. californianus suggests a random and non-obligatory relationship with E. analoga.
The problem of semantic heterogeneity has gained ever increasing attention as the world’s digital information systems become more closely interconnected. Among the various interoperability problems faced by information integration solutions, the semantic interoperability problem has been growing in importance, with increasingly sophisticated approaches being proposed for its resolution. This article reviews the essential characteristics of the semantic heterogeneity problem and its solution approaches in various domains, and proposes frameworks for evaluating the problem and selecting an appropriate solution approach.