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In: The Language Environment of First Century Judaea
In: Jesus’ Last Week
In: Jesus’ Last Week
In: The Gospels in First-Century Judaea
In: The Gospels in First-Century Judaea

Abstract

The recent discovery of a 6th century basilica at el-A‘raj (Bethsaida) on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee has challenged our understanding of Byzantine traditions about Simon Peter. This study examines the corre-spondence between the archaeological finds and the description of Byzan-tine Bethsaida in the historical sources. Christian tradition consistently voiced that Peter’s home was in Bethsaida and was memorialized with a basilica. The archaeological finds at el-A‘raj accord with this tradition, but they also present a challenge to the innovation of Orfali in 1921 that the octagonal church in Capernaum was built over Peter’s house.

In: Novum Testamentum
In: The Language Environment of First Century Judaea
In: The Language Environment of First Century Judaea
In: The Language Environment of First Century Judaea
The articles in this collection demonstrate that a change is taking place in New Testament studies. Throughout the twentieth century, New Testament scholarship primarily worked under the assumption that only two languages, Aramaic and Greek, were in common use in the land of Israel in the first century. The current contributors investigate various areas where increasing linguistic data and changing perspectives have moved Hebrew out of a restricted, marginal status within first-century language use and the impact on New Testament studies. Five articles relate to the general sociolinguistic situation in the land of Israel during the first century, while three articles present literary studies that interact with the language background. The final three contributions demonstrate the impact this new understanding has on the reading of Gospel texts.