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  • Author or Editor: Randi Deguilhem x
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In: The City in the Islamic World (2 vols.)


The national and geo-strategic ambitions of the states awarded League of Nations mandates came into play both when the mandate was established and during the subsequent development of the infrastructures of government. These were the major determinants of the administrative and bureaucratic apparatus of the mandated states, which also prescribed the means by which the mandates would be implemented. The reflection of the national and geo-strategic objectives of the mandatory powers took shape in relation to their direct rival (Britain or France), as well as in the larger environment of political, economic and cultural imperialism involving the bipolar rivalry of Great Britain and France and their territorial possessions.

This last point, cultural imperialism, forms the subject of this paper, which is an analysis of French cultural policies in mandatory Syria as seen through official support for the Mission Laïque Française (French Secular Mission, MLF). It is quite correct to label the MLF as an instrument of intellectual colonization, even though its founders always insisted upon teaching the history and languages of the regions under « colonial rule ». In the end, students attending the MLF schools ended up feeling a close affinity with French culture, even identifying with it to a certain extent, and thus experiencing a form of cultural schizophrenia (in the manner described by Daryush Shayegan).

In: The British and French Mandates in Comparative Perspectives/Les mandats français et anglais dans une perspective comparative
Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World
Hawwa publishes articles from all disciplinary and comparative perspectives that concern women and gender issues in the Middle East and the Islamic world. These include Muslim and non-Muslim communities within the greater Middle East, and Muslim and Middle-Eastern communities elsewhere in the world. Articles dealing with men, masculinity, children and the family, or other issues of gender shall also be considered. The journal strives to include significant studies of theory and methodology as well as topical matter. Approximately one third of the submissions focus on the pre-modern era, with the majority of articles on the contemporary age. The journal features several full-length articles and current book reviews.
The majority of Hawwa's articles are in English. However, articles submitted in French will also be considered. The Hawwa is an international peer-reviewed journal.
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Based on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Damascene waqf documents as well as juridical normative sources, this article focuses upon the pious foundations as a gender blind institution. In other words, stipulations (shurūt) which regulate the creation and management of endowments are identical for both men and women: the question, apparently superfluous, was, in fact, not even raised in the normative literature - it was simply a given. The article also reflects upon the fact that both men and women founders of waqf, juridically free to choose the beneficiaries and the administrators of their endowments, were in reality subject to societal influences which conditioned their choices.

In: Hawwa
In: Hawwa