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In: Jahrbuch für Europäische Ethnologie Dritte Folge 12–2017

Climate change can be a driver for cities to become frontrunners in terms of both climate mitigation (for instance, in moving towards carbon-neutrality) and climate adaptation in developing green and liveable cities. In metropolitan areas, climate threats such as floods, heat and drought, have a significant impact on nature, the economy, human health and well-being. The concentration of people, infrastructure and other assets makes cities vulnerable to climate risks as they have rarely been designed with climate change in mind. In 2009, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) introduced the concept of ‘climate services’ to improve the accessibility of the vast amount of available climate data in a way useful for those who would need them. Since then, the concept has evolved from ‘science-driven and user-informed’ to ‘user-driven and science-informed’, actively supporting climate change responses by citizens, companies, economic sectors, and cities (see for instance European Commission, 2015). Climate services are tools, products and processes that can help to integrate climate information into urban policymaking and design for improving urban resilience. Because of the long-term nature of climate change, climate services force urban developers to adopt a long-term, transformative perspective in urban planning and design. This chapter elaborates on how climate change can be a driver for green urban development, by pursuing resilience with the help of climate services. Two illustrative cases are presented: Nijmegen (the Netherlands) and Lisbon (Portugal). We also illustrate the importance of the next generation of climate services to go beyond risk assessment by informing the design of response measures like nature-based solutions. The cases illustrate the modalities of climate services to trigger action: climate services have to be flexible and tailored to the specific local situation and they should be integrated with other urban challenges in order to develop innovative multifunctional urban solutions.

In: The symbiotic city
Seit Jahrhunderten haben die vom internationalen Handel der Hafenstädte geprägten Niederlande Einwanderer angezogen. Migration ist hier nicht zuletzt als Gegenwart kolonialer Vergangenheit Teil der Alltagserfahrung.
Die Beiträge setzen sich im Sinne einer Europäischen Ethnologie und Kulturanthropologie mit dem gestiegenen Komplexitätsniveau der niederländischen Gesellschaft auseinander. Ihr besonderes Interesse gilt der Beschreibung und Analyse des Zusammenspiels unterschiedlicher Komponenten von Fremd- und Selbstwahrnehmung, von Identitäten-Generierung und von Formen der Lebensgestaltung. Ihre Analysen knüpfen an aktuelle gesellschaftspolitische Debatten um ‚Zuwanderung‘, ‚Integration‘, ‚niederländische Kultur‘ und ‚kulturelles Erbe‘ an.