This is a full
Open Access series. All volumes can be downloaded for free from the moment of publication and book publication charges are waived thanks to the funders mentioned below.
The growth of scholarship in the field of Jesuit studies continues to accelerate at an extraordinary rate. Staying current on a variety of subjects is becoming increasingly difficult for scholars, even within their own disciplines. This is even more true for students. In response to this trend
Brill Research Perspectives in Jesuit Studies aims to publish four peer reviewed volumes per year on various thematic and geographical/chronological subjects. The series complements other Brill publications in the field, such as the
Journal of Jesuit Studies, the
Jesuit Studies book series, and the
Jesuit Historiography Online.
Brill Research Perspectives in Jesuit Studies is published in Open Access thanks to generous support from the following institutions:
The strong resistance of Ignatius of Loyola (c.1491–1556), first superior general of the Society of Jesus (1541–56), to the promotion of his confrères to ecclesiastical offices of (arch)bishops and cardinals because such posts were contrary to the spirit of religious life, requires a brief explanation. Ignatius’s opposition was codified in the Jesuit Constitutions with a requirement that each professed Jesuit promise not to accept such dignities. Nonetheless, Loyola and his successors were occasionally pressured to acquiesce to possible papal appointments of different Jesuits to such offices. This issue of the Journal of Jesuit Studies focuses on six of approximately forty-nine cardinals (the definition of Jesuit cardinal can be sometimes tricky for the early modern period). These six represent different historical periods from the late sixteenth until the early twenty-first centuries and different geographical areas, both of origin and of operation (they did not always coincide): Péter Pázmány (1570–1637), Johann Nidhard (1607–81), Giovanni Battista Tolomei (1653–1726), Johann Baptist Franzelin (1816–86), Pietro Boetto (1871–1946), and Adam Kozłowiecki (1911–2007).