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In: The Mourning After
In: The Australian Year Book of International Law Online
In: Phronesis
Genocide, Civil War, and the Transformation of International Law
Listen to the podcast with Philip Drew and Bruce Oswald

In Rwanda Revisited: Genocide, Civil War, and the Transformation of International Law, the contributing authors seek to recount, explore, and explain the tragedy that was the Rwanda genocide and the nature of the international community’s entanglement with it. Written by people selected for their personalized knowledge of Rwanda, be it as peacekeepers, aid workers, or members of the ICTR, and/or scholarship that has been clearly influenced by the genocide, this book provides a level of insight, detail and first-hand knowledge about the genocide and its aftermath that is clearly unique. Included amongst the writers are a number of scholars whose research and writings on Rwanda, the United Nations, and genocide are internationally recognized.

Contributors are: Major (ret’d) Brent Beardsley, Professor Jean Bou, Professor Jane Boulden, Dr. Emily Crawford, Lieutenant-General the Honourable Romeo Dallaire, Professor Phillip Drew, Professor Mark Drumbl , Professor Jeremy Farrall, Lieutenant-General John Frewen, Dr. Stacey Henderson, Professor Adam Jones, Ambassador Colin Keating, Professor Robert McLaughlin, Linda Melvern, Dr. Melanie O’Brien, Professor Bruce Oswald, Dr. Tamsin Phillipa Paige, Professor David J. Simon, and Professor Andrew Wallis.

This book was previously published as Special Issue of the Journal of International Peacekeeping, Volume 22 (2018), Issue 1-4 (published April 2020); with updated Introduction.

Abstract

Recently-emerged juvenile brook charr foraging in relatively homogeneous, clear, still-water pools displayed significant interindividual variation in the proportion of search time spent moving, the average speed during search, the average speed during periods of moving search, and the distance moved during pursuit of prey. The frequency distribution for interindividual variation in the proportion of time spent moving was bimodal, but distributions for the other movement parameters were not. Thus, in the field, young charr tended to specialize at one of two alternative movement patterns differing primarily in the proportion of time spent moving. The movement parameters were all positively correlated, but correlations between the proportion of time spent moving, the speed while moving, and pursuit distance were small enough (r2's < 0.30) to suggest that different aspects of search mode may vary relatively independently. Our findings have three implications for studies of search mode. First, intraspecific variation in search mode need not be only a response to environmental change, but can occur in the same environment at the same time. Second, frequency distributions of movement parameters offer a more objective base than do arbitrary classifications for determining how many types of foragers are present. Third, studies using different movement parameters to distinguish between alternative search modes (e.g. sitting-and-waiting and actively searching) may not be directly comparable.

In: Behaviour
Treatment and Reintegration of Soldiers in Post-War Societies
War creates veterans and societies are reminded by their existence that violent conflicts had been waged in the past. Even when the wars have been long forgotten by many, veterans are the ones whose fate has been tied to war and destruction.
Societies often struggle with their veterans, especially when they have to address the former soldiers’ traumatic experiences and acknowledge the wounds that hurt beyond the body. While veterans are a steady reminder of violent conflicts of the past, they are often ignored by their societies, once peace is achieved. Nevertheless, veterans play an important role in post-war contexts as well and this role, their influence and impact in the supposedly non-violent world need to be addressed. This volume discusses the role of veterans in the aftermath of war and shows how they had been treated by their societies and how the latter ones tried to reintegrate them into their own narratives of the past.

Abstract

The workshop brought together some twenty persons from varied and diverse nations and political-economic circumstances - Ghana, Netherlands, New Zealand, Republic of South Africa, United Kingdom, United States of America, West Germany and Zimbabwe. The workshop also reflected a number of Christian denominations - Anglican, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Reformed, Roman Catholic and Seventh Day Adventist. The gathering then was truly pluralistic and ecumenical. Such composition made for a rich encounter of varied and diverse understandings and approaches.

In: Mission Studies