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In: The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
In: Protecting the Displaced
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Abstract

Although R2P developed in large measure from efforts to design an international system to protect internally displaced persons (IDPs), its application may not always work to the benefit of displaced persons. Challenges have arisen, most notably R2P's limited application, the narrowness of its scope, the exclusion of disaster IDPs, the sidelining of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, the tensions between human rights and humanitarian goals, R2P's equation with military action and the limits of coercive intervention. To ensure that IDPs gain from this landmark concept, special strategies will be needed to reconcile R2P with IDP protection.

In: Global Responsibility to Protect
Author:

Abstract

International consensus has developed that R2P should not have been applied to Burma when it denied access to the victims of Cyclone Nargis. The author argues that Burma could well have been an R2P case under whose umbrella political and humanitarian action could have been mobilized. Needed are effective criteria for deciding in which situations the Security Council should act and performance standards for measuring government responses to natural disasters so that populations can be better protected.

In: Global Responsibility to Protect
In: The Protection Roles of Human Rights NGOs
In: The Protection Roles of Human Rights NGOs
Author:

North Korea has long been considered a country where r2p’s application would not be a practical option. Its major abuses are largely hidden from view and its reclusive nature has made it appear impervious to outside influence. But with the publication of the un Commission of Inquiry report and the response of the dprk, opportunities have arisen. Building on these, this article proposes an r2p framework for North Korea with the strong involvement of the Secretary-General and the entire un system. It argues that despite the challenges, there are persuasive reasons for the new Secretary-General to promote r2p for North Korea.

In: Global Responsibility to Protect

Abstract

Natural disasters, particularly those related to climate change, are fast becoming a leading cause of forced displacement although conceptual, normative and institutional frameworks to provide human rights protection to the environmentally displaced are not yet in place. This article discusses the human rights and protection dimensions of disaster-induced displacement, identifies the major challenges to protecting disaster victims, and proposes ways forward. The authors argue that while most environmentally displaced persons are expected to remain within their own countries, there is a lack of clarity about the status and protection needs of those uprooted by environmental degradation and other 'slow-onset' disasters as opposed to those displaced by 'sudden-onset' disasters. By far the biggest protection gap exists for those who cross borders. These individuals do not generally qualify as refugees under the 1951 Refugee Convention, there is no normative framework to address their specific needs and vulnerabilities and States have not been willing to commit to more than temporary protection on an ad hoc basis. The need is now critical for new approaches to be developed for the environmentally displaced, including expanded normative and institutional frameworks, comprehensive national policies, national and international monitoring, rights training, and more effective ways of dealing with governments that fail to protect their populations.

In: Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies