Two new nematode species of the genus Schistonchus were recovered from syconia from a single Ficus hispida caprifig tree in Guangzhou, China. They are described herein as Schistonchus guangzhouensis n. sp. and S. centerae n. sp. Schistonchus guangzhouensis n. sp. is characterised by possessing the longest postuterine sac (PUS) of all currently described females in the genus (84-148 μm or >3.5 vulval body diam. (VBD) long), excretory pore situated near the level of the metacorpus, two pairs of subventral papillae on the male tail, and unique recurved and mitten-shaped spicules. Schistonchus centerae n. sp. is characterised by a unique fusiform tail tip and short PUS (8-20 μm or <1.0 VBD long) in reproductive females, excretory pore located near the head, spicules with an indistinct rostrum, male tail with three pairs of papillae, and broadly truncate tail tip. Both new species were easily differentiated from each other and other members of the genus for which sequences of the D2/D3 expansion segments of the large subunit rRNA gene (LSU) and partial small subunit rRNA gene (SSU) were available. Phylogenetic analysis also supported a monophyletic Schistonchus within a well-supported clade of Aphelenchoididae (sensu Hunt, 1993) and shared a most recent common ancestor with Aphelenchoides and Laimaphelenchus.