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The theme of Science, Technology and Development in Southern Africa, and East and Central Asia is threefold. The first component concerns the proposition that no underdeveloped nation will be empowered to meet the needs and aspirations of its citizens without the adoption of advancing Science & Technology. The adoption of S & T processes by examining the questions of political leadership initiation in Botswana and Singapore is explored in chapters one and two.
Component number two engages what is widely regarded as potentially the most enabling cluster of advanced technologies for development in the South: information technologies (IT). Articles three through five take up IT and development in Malaysia, South Africa, South Korea and Namibia.
The final component discusses the crucial subject of technology transfer by comparing Japan’s technology transfer to Southeast Asia and Southern Africa.

Contributors are James Bozeman, Jong-Ho Kim, Takahashi Motoki, Meera Nanda, Rubin Patterson, Sakano Taichi, Ernest J. Wilson III, and William Wresch.
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African Brain Circulation

Beyond the Drain-Gain Debate

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In this book, discussions on African brain circulation and transnational society provide new insights and point to fertile research and policy agendas. Today, a globally important dilemma concerns citizens who either depart from their homeland to enhance their life chances in a rich society - but possibly contribute to a brain drain for their homeland - or stay home and work - but possibly contribute to a brain waste since conditions at home will not allow them to contribute commensurately with their capability. Increasingly, scholars on the subject of global South-to-West emigrants argue that it is not just a possibility of a brain drain occurring when citizens emigrate or brain waste occurring when they stay home, but rather a brain gain when they emigrate strategically and contribute to development in the homeland.