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Rumiko Shinzato and Leon A. Serafim bring a new dimension to kakari musubi (a type of focus construction, henceforth KM) research, incorporating Japanese and Western linguistic theories, and synthesizing Okinawan and Japanese scholarship. Specifically, they analyze still-extant Okinawan KM in comparative perspective with its now extinct Japanese counterpart, while also offering reconstructed Proto-Japonic forms. Major hypotheses on the origins and demise of KM with insight from Okinawan are also evaluated.

In addition, viewing KM as consisting of kakari particle + nominalized musubi predicate, they compare KM with its structural analogs, such as (1) Modern Japanese no-da, (2) its corollary in Japanese Western Periphery dialects, and (3) English it-clefts.

Finally, the authors apply iconicity-based analyses and grammaticalization theory, interpreting correspondences between deictic-origin particles, which are shared, their epistemically unique musubi forms, and their respective functions.
Reference Grammar, with Textual Selections
The Omoro Sōshi (1531–1623) is an indispensable resource for historical linguistic comparison of Old Okinawan with other Ryukyuan languages and Old Japanese. Leon A Serafim and Rumiko Shinzato offer a reference grammar, including detailed phonological analyses, of the otherwise opaque and dense poetic/religious language of the Omoro Sōshi.

Meshing Western linguistic insight with existing literary/linguistic work in Ryukyuan studies, and incorporating their own research on Modern Okinawan, the authors offer a grammar and phonology of the Omoro language, with selected (excerpts of) songs grammatically analyzed, phonologically reconstructed, translated, and annotated.
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese
In: Synchrony and Diachrony of Okinawan Kakari Musubi in Comparative Perspective with Premodern Japanese