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Sandra Toenies Keating

Abstract

In response to early Muslim challenges to Christian teachings, Abū Rāʾiṭa al-Takrītī lays the groundwork for his answers by establishing what both Muslims and Christians agree is logical and rational—the unity and oneness of God. Employing the Aristotelian tradition, which was newly accessible to Muslim intellectuals through the translation movement, Abū Rāʾiṭa constructs a complex argument demonstrating that teachings concerning the Divine Attributes can be useful for understanding the doctrine of the Trinity, and that it is fully compatible with rational thought.

Defending the "People of Truth" in the Early Islamic Period

The Christian Apologies of Abū Rā’iṭah

Series:

Sandra Toenies Keating

The apologetical writings of the Jacobite Christian, Abū Rā’iṭah al-Takrītī († c. 835) have remained relatively unknown in Western scholarship. Yet his engagement with Muslim questions about Christianity provides a significant insight into the theological debate between the two communities in the early ʿAbbāsid period.
Abū Rā’iṭah’s treatises take up many of the topics that become standard for Christian-Muslim apologetics: proofs of the true religion, the Trinity, the Incarnation, and Christian practices. In each case, he provides his reader with complex arguments in defense of Christian doctrines that can be used to convince both Muslims and wavering Christians of the truth of Christianity.
This new Arabic edition and English translation seeks to contextualize Abū Rā’iṭah’s important writings and to make the original texts available to modern scholars interested in all aspects of the early development of Muslim-Christian relations.

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

Heirs of the Apostles

Studies on Arabic Christianity in Honor of Sidney H. Griffith

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

Heirs of the Apostles offers a panoramic survey of Arabic-speaking Christians—descendants of the Christian communities established in the Middle East by the apostles—and their history, religion, and culture in the early Islamic and medieval periods. The subjects range from Arabic translations of the Bible, to the status of Christians in the Muslim-governed lands, Muslim-Christian polemic, and Christian-Muslim and Christian-Jewish relations. The volume is offered as a Festschrift to Sidney H. Griffith, the doyen of Christian Arabic Studies in North America, on his eightieth birthday.

Contributors are: David Bertaina, Elie Dannaoui, Stephen Davis, Nathan P. Gibson, Cornelia Horn, Sandra Toenies Keating, Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Andrew Platt, Thomas W. Ricks, Barbara Roggema, Harald Suermann, Mark N. Swanson, Shawqi Talia, Jack Tannous, David Thomas, Jennifer Tobkin, Alexander Treiger, Ronny Vollandt, Clare Wilde, and Jason Zaborowski.