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Abstract

This chapter gives a brief introduction to China’s Arctic engagement and describes the aims and organisation of the book.

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In: Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic
In the book Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic, Koivurova and Kopra (editors) offer a comprehensive account of China’s evolving interests, policies and strategies in the Arctic region. Despite its lack of geography north of the Arctic Circle, China’s presence in the High North is expected to grow in the coming years, which, in turn, is likely to speed up globalization in the region. This book brings together experts on China and the Arctic, each chapter contributing to a detailed overview of China’s diplomatic, economic, environmental, scientific and strategic presence in the Arctic and its influence on regional affairs. The book is of interest to students, scholars and those dealing with China’s foreign policy and Arctic affairs.

Abstract

This chapter offers an account of China’s ecological footprint in the Arctic. Because China is the world’s biggest carbon dioxide emitter and a significant contributor of short-lived climate pollutants, the chapter pays special attention to China’s role in international efforts to tackle climate change. In addition to China’s domestic climate policies, the chapter elaborates the state’s contribution to international climate negotiations under the United Nations climate regime. It also introduces the ways in which China’s Arctic policy addresses climate change and reviews China’s potential to reduce black carbon and other pollutants.

In: Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic

Abstract

This chapter summarises the key findings of the book. In particular, it reviews China’s Arctic actorness and the party-state’s contribution to Arctic affairs. It also briefly ponders risks and future prospects of China’s role in the Arctic – a role that the chapter expects to grow in the coming years.

In: Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic

Abstract

This chapter elaborates on China’s evolving strategy in the Arctic. For China, the Arctic is no longer about simply being an observer in the Arctic Council, but much more. The chapter will analyze mainly the specifics of China’s Arctic white paper and examine a pair of specific cases, namely China’s role in negotiating the Polar Code and the Arctic fisheries agreement. Special attention will be paid to the ways in which China’s national policy towards the Arctic has emerged and how it has been viewed by other actors and commentators following China’s role in the Arctic. As a sub-section, China’s policy towards the Arctic’s indigenous peoples will also be studied.

In: Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic

Abstract

The chapter focuses on economic presence of China in the Arctic regions. First, it considers the economic relations between China and the Nordic states, North American Arctic and Russia. China and Chinese actors are active in different ways in different parts of the Arctic. Second, it looks at the key Arctic industries, where China’s role is or may become relevant: shipping, oil and gas, minerals extraction, and tourism. Finally, the chapter considers the two dimensions of concerns related to Chinese economic activities: the problem of economic and political influence gained through investments and the environment and social performance as well as reliability of Chinese companies.

In: Chinese Policy and Presence in the Arctic