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Since psychology and religion share the same ground in terms of providing explanations about the human being, many religious teachings also contain psychological descriptions. Islamic civilization, which has existed in vast geographies for centuries, offers unique sources to explain human feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Scientific Western psychology has asserted important theories and researches in understanding human beings. Today, Western psychology needs to be enriched with new perspectives to make more comprehensive explanations about people with different cultural backgrounds. Written by Sevde Düzgüner, this book is the product of an effort to discuss the human model of Islam and the human theories of psychology with a complementary approach. This book recommends methodological points that must be considered while studying both fields. It also attempts to draw a a road map for further studies by determining the areas where Islamic psychology could contribute to Western psychology.


Publications about Islam and psychology have increased in number over the past few decades. Empirical research and therapy practices for Muslims have attracted academic attention. However, the theoretical basis of studying in both Western and Islamic psychologies is not clear yet. Taking a step back, this monograph presents the emergence, first contact, and coexistence of the human theories of Western psychology and the human model of Islamic psychology in general and Sufi psychology in particular. Then it suggests a complementary approach method on how to utilize both by considering the background of each. The approach is discussed in detail with examples, from the stories of Rumi to psychotherapy practices.

In: Complementary Views of Western and Islamic Psychology of Religion
In: Psychology of Religion in Turkey
In: Psychology of Religion in Turkey


Being mentioned frequently in the global agenda radical religious groups are not abruptly occurred structures. These groups, which are mostly associated with religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Hinduism, emerge over time, acquire members, transform and even disappear. Various factors are influential on the emergence of radical religious groups and the attendance of individuals to them. This study is based on the groups with radical ideas that legally operate under the umbrella of foundations and associations in Türkiye. In our research, 42 male participants were interviewed to examine the psycho-socio-spiritual processes behind their participation and leaving the radical religious group. Phenomenology was the design of this quantitative research. Content analysis was conducted to the data. According to the results, the search for meaning, the desire for a sincere environment, the need for religious knowledge and a better practice of the religion had a major impact on the participation in radical religious groups. Factors such as criticism to group practices, loss of sincerity within the group, incompetence, bigotry and disagreements were affective in the decision of separation from groups. Various emotional, spiritual, behavioral, cognitive, and social changes were examined in the process of joining and leaving religious groups, and it was determined that this process had similarities with the conversion process.

In: Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, Volume 33