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“The most important of all things sought.” Thus the Syriac Orthodox monk Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb describes the subject of The Principles of Religion, written in the 13th century, probably in South-East Anatolia. In this treatise, Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb systematically explained and defended fundamental commitments of Syriac Orthodox theology.
This volume provides an introduction, a critical edition of the Arabic text, an English translation, and extensive commentary on the influences on The Principles of Religion, particularly from Syriac sources. This editio princeps offers the reader a new window into the literary culture of the Syriac Orthodox Church during the years of the Syriac Renaissance.
In: The Principles of Religion by Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb: A 13th-Century Synopsis of Syriac Orthodox Belief
In: The Principles of Religion by Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb: A 13th-Century Synopsis of Syriac Orthodox Belief

Abstract

In the thirteenth century, a Syriac poem of four lines relating the Aristotelian categories to the incarnation was composed by a famous East Syrian poet, Khamīs bar Qardaḥe. In this poem, Khamīs challenged the coherence of Syriac Orthodox incarnational Christology and attracted poetic replies from two prominent Syriac Orthodox figures: Daniel bar Ḥaṭṭāb and Gregory bar ʿEbrāyā. This article presents a critical edition of these three related poems as well as an English translation, discussions of their authorship and transmission, and a commentary on their contents.

Open Access
In: Journal of Eastern Christian Studies