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Abstract

This is the chapter of the book titled on Reflections on the Early Christian History of Religion. It talks about the problem of Pagan Monotheism in the Empire and the Late Antique.

In: Reflections on the Early Christian History of Religion - Erwägungen zur frühchristlichen Religionsgeschichte

Abstract

This study examines the accounts concerning three groups of Christian martyrs who were tried and condemned at the city of Sebastea (modern Sivas) in the Roman province of Armenia Minor: the forty martyrs of Sebaste; St Athenogenes of Pedachthoe; and St Eustratius of Arauraka. All three traditions preserve important items of historical information which indicate that these martyrdoms occurred during the great persecution of Diocletian, which was executed at a regional level by the provincial governor Agricola, based in Sebastea, and the commander of the Roman frontier forces, Lysias, based at Satala. These martyr acts provide support for Eusebius’s observation in the Church History, that there was significant Christian resistance to the persecution orders on the eastern Roman frontier in Syria and in the area of Melitene.

In: Early Christianity in Asia Minor and Cyprus
In: Portraits of Spiritual Authority
In: Early Christianity in Asia Minor and Cyprus
Volume Editors: Stephen Mitchell and Philipp Pilhofer
This volume is part of the Berlin Topoi project re-examing the early Christian history of Asia Minor, Greece and the South Balkans, and is concerned with the emergence of Christianity in Asia Minor and in Cyprus. Five essays focus on the east Anatolian provinces, including a comprehensive evaluation of early Christianity in Cappadocia, a comparative study of the Christian poetry of Gregory of Nazianzus and his anonymous epigraphic contemporaries and three essays which pay special attention to the hagiography of Cappadocia and Armenia Minor. The remaining essays include a new analysis of the role of Constantinople in episcopal elections across Asia Minor, a detailed appraisal of the archaeological evidence from Sagalassus in Pisidia, a discussion of the significance of inscriptions in Carian sanctuaries through late antiquity, and a survey of Christian inscriptions from Cyprus.