“The Blood of a Muslim is Worthless, After All”

Identity Debates between Portuguese and British Sunnis in Leicester

Susana Pereira Bastos and José Gabriel Pereira Bastos

Susana Pereira, José Azevedo and António Machiavelo

Visual communication of information, namely quantitative information, has been increasingly important in journalism, especially in recent years. Among other competences, the visual communication of quantitative information requires mathematical skills. Nevertheless, several authors alert to the misuse of mathematical information in the news. Namely, results of a previous study of the Portuguese press – carried out by the authors of this article – show that there are mathematical errors in more than one third of the news articles (both in weekly and daily newspapers). In this context, it is important to better understand how Portuguese journalists convey quantitative information through graphs. In this article, we present the several types of errors identified in graphs of Portuguese news, highlighting the most prevalent ones and illustrating them with examples.


Luísa Álvares Pereira, Íris Susana Pires Pereira and Inês Cardoso


In this chapter, we discuss unguided reflective writing as a practice for the professional learning of teachers. Our discussion is sustained by the findings of a study we carried out of 20 unguided reflections collected during an in-service program about the teaching of writing. Teachers’ unguided reflective writing assumed a narrative-like character and the texts were therefore analyzed as tools that teachers used to create meaning directly from their lived experiences. We used a Habermasian tripartite conception of worlds of action to structure our analysis, which unveiled the uniqueness and complexity of meanings that were constructed by each individual, illuminating a variety of meaning making profiles among participants. Our argument is that unguided writing is a powerful scaffold for situated, reflective learning from lived experience that might be used by teacher educators when implementing teacher education programs.

Joana Veríssimo, Joana Veríssimo, Paulo Pereira, Joana Veríssimo, Paulo Pereira, Susana Lopes, Joana Veríssimo, Paulo Pereira, Susana Lopes, José Teixeira, Joana Veríssimo, Paulo Pereira, Susana Lopes, José Teixeira, Uwe Fritz, Joana Veríssimo, Paulo Pereira, Susana Lopes, José Teixeira, Uwe Fritz and Guillermo Velo-Antón

To accurately infer population structuring and manage species, it is advised to combine data obtained from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) with data from fast evolving markers such as microsatellites. To date, the evolutionary history of a threatened Mediterranean species, Mauremys leprosa, was inferred based solely on mtDNA data, which may lead to an incomplete, or partially explained, population structuring. We tested the cross-amplification of 16 microsatellite loci in 190 individuals of M. leprosa from six Iberian and two African populations. We obtained a successful set of 11 polymorphic loci with 2-18 alleles and observed heterozygosity ranging from 0.007-0.783. This panel of loci can be used for future research in M. leprosa, such as population structuring, analysis of gene flow in secondary contact zones, paternity analyses, changes in phenotypic traits and to assemble a comprehensive genetic dataset (mtDNA and nuDNA) that will allow the geographic assignment of individuals of unknown origin. These tools will help managing M. leprosa populations throughout the species’ range.

Duarte Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Paulo Pereira, Raquel Godinho, Susana Lopes, Guillermo Velo-Antón and José Carlos Brito

Patterns of biodiversity and evolutionary processes controlling them are still poorly studied in desert biomes. Fine-scale markers could help answer some of the pressing research questions for desert biomes and Sahara in particular. Such markers are available for some large mammals and crocodiles, but not for small vertebrates. Here we present a battery of microsatellite loci developed for Agama boulengeri, a promising model to study evolutionary and demographic processes in the Sahara-Sahel. Loci were selected by sequencing enriched DNA libraries with 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 23 polymorphic loci were successfully amplified in four multiplex reactions. Cross-amplification of the microsatellite loci in A. agama and A. boueti was partially successful. These markers are a promising tool for assessing genetic diversity, gene-flow dynamics and demographic patterns in this group. Given the genus Agama is distributed throughout Africa, results presented here might also facilitate studies in other regions.