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Finnish and Russian universities have developed internationalization activities including double degree programs (double degrees), taking advantage of such benefits as their common border, membership of the Bologna Process and support from the governments of both countries. This chapter discusses how the division of responsibilities influences the implementation of master’s double degrees in Finnish-Russian partnerships. The research concentrates on cases of the internal allocation of responsibilities in double degrees within each partner university, including the role of central/faculty and administrative/academic departments. In addition, it investigates how Finnish and Russian universities allocate responsibilities for double degrees between one another. In conclusion, the chapter demonstrates the role of transaction costs challenging double degree implementation and university internationalization.

In: Responsibility of Higher Education Systems
International cooperation in higher education is not new, but gained new urgency in recent years with the expansion of the knowledge economy, the easy flow of communications and the emulation created by international rankings. In the European Union’s countries, international competition and the process of political and economic unification required national higher education institutions to give priority to international cooperation, while large countries such as Russia, China, Brazil and South Africa intensified their effort to modernise their institutions and link them to the international flow of science, technology and talent, leading similar trends in other countries in their regions. These global trends are shaped by the national culture and institutions of each country, and the existing national and international cooperation policies and instruments on all sides. In Building Higher Education Cooperation with the EU: Challenges and Opportunities from Four Continents, the authors look at how these interactions occur from the perspectives of the European Union and the countries involved and make recommendations on policies that could make international cooperation more fluid and beneficial to all parties involved.