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T. Laurentius and Frans Laurentius

With this work the authors are filling a gap which is existing on the research material of watermarks of the seventeenth century. The research for this book is based on the X-ray method developed by Jan van Aken, emiritus professor dental radiology of the University of Utrecht. This method guarentees a 100% accurate digital image of the watermark. With 675 true size photographs and detailed descriptions
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T. Laurentius and Frans Laurentius

The seventeenth century is an underrepresented period in the publications on watermarks. A growing demand in the fields of history and art history for exact dating of documents and artworks on seventeenth century paper was one of the main reasons for the authors to conduct research in this area. This book is based on the "Ingekomen Stukken" ("Received Pieces") of the Staten van Zeeland (States of Zeeland), carefully collected per year and preserved in the Zeeland Archives in Middelburg. In order to reproduce the watermarks in actual size, as was the case in volume 1600-1650, "soft X-ray" equipment developed by Dr. Jan van Aken (emeritus professor dental radiology of the University of Utrecht) was used.
With 1221 black and white and 7 full colour true size photographs and detailed descriptions Watermarks (1650-1700) Found in the Zeeland Archives gives together with the first volume ( Watermarks (1600-1650) Found in the Zeeland Archives) a long awaited overview of the watermarks and the types of paper that where available in The Netherlands in the 17th century.
An indispensable tool for all those who are interested in paper, economy, history and art-history.
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Frans Laurentius and T. Laurentius

The knowledge of papermaking spread slowly over Italy from the start of the thirteenth century. Scholarly interest in the history of Italian paper manufacture has concentrated especially on the earliest period. Research into paper from the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries has lagged somewhat behind. Watermarks are extremely important for investigating the origins of paper. This book offers high quality x-rays and descriptions of ca. three hundred Italian watermarks. A selection of paper produced in different areas of Italy is presented with an identification.