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Introduction

Research on Sephardic Oral Culture in Israel Today

Tamar Alexander

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Alexander Tamar

This article presents an in-depth literary analysis of two feminine personal narratives, survivors of the Salonika Holocaust, in an attempt to isolate the unique feminine voice that can be discerned from the narratives through the perception of the body and the female self-image. The two narratives offer two opposite models of behavior: one active, one passive. Aliza Baruch found her future husband in the camp and took care of her brother. Later she gave birth to two children even though she suffered sterilization experiments in Auschwitz. Aliza ascribes her survival to her determined nature, and to the force of love she felt within herself. Mary Nahman, who arrived at Auschwitz married and pregnant, perceived herself as a child who was not conscious of her surroundings but was a recipient of help from everybody. She ascribes her survival to external forces, divine assistance and miracles.

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Tamar Alexander and Yuval Harari

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Assaf Sukenik, Jane Schneider C., Paul Roessler G., Alexander Livne, Tamar Berner, Zbigniew Kolber, Kevin Wyman, Ondrej Prasil and Paul Falkowski G.

Photosynthetic performance of an eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5ω3) deficient mutant of the eustigmatophyte Nannochloropsis sp. was compared to the wild type (Wt) strain in order to evaluate the effect of fatty acid composition on the function of the photosynthetic apparatus. Cellular photosynthetic capacity and the cellular pool of pigments and of reaction centers were reduced in the mutant concomitant with a reduction in the amount of thylakoid membranes and their volume-specific density. Despite the changes observed in photosynthetic activity, the fluorescence properties of the mutant were virtually the same as those of the wild type, although the phase transition of thylakoid membrane was recorded at higher temperature in the mutant than in the Wt. The results suggest that the change in one double bond in a very long chain fatty acid of the thylakoid lipids plays a minor role in regulating photosynthetic electron transport, but that the mutation modified the ability of the mutant to acclimate to low-irradiance conditions.