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In: Arabica
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L’article porte sur les trois romans suivants de Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī: al-Zaynī Barakāt (1971), Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī (1976) et Ḥikāyat al-muʾassasa (1997) dans le but d’analyser la lecture que l’auteur fait du despotisme et de la révolte du peuple contre ce pouvoir. Les histoires racontées dans ces trois romans se déroulent dans des contextes différents, respectivement politique, religieux et économique. La première partie de l’article aborde les aspects formels de ces récits, à savoir leur structure et les stratégies énonciatives mises en oeuvre, ces aspects permettant de comprendre comment les différentes thématiques sont présentées. La deuxième partie analyse les portraits des despotes et leur mode d’action, la manière dont la relation entre oppresseur et opprimés est construite et les moyens utilisés par le despote pour contrôler la population. La troisième et dernière partie est, elle, consacrée à l’analyse de la représentation des opprimés, à celle de leur révolte contre le pouvoir ainsi qu’à celle des résultats auxquels cette révolte aboutit. La conclusion, enfin, précise la place occupée par al-Ġīṭānī dans la tradition romanesque égyptienne et rend compte du contexte historique dans lequel son traitement du despotisme s’inscrit.

In: Arabica
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Abstract

The City of the Dead is a large area on the periphery of Cairo where people live in house-like tombs. This study focuses on two Egyptian novels Šakāwā l-miṣrī l-faṣīḥ (1981-1985) by Yūsuf al-Qaʿīd and Madad (2014) by Maḥmūd al-Wirwārī, in which living in the cemeteries is portrayed as a paradoxical reality where life and death overlap. Limits between the two are blurred, and this creates a confusing situation where landmarks are lost and moral values are subverted. This situation echoes the characters’ personal dilemmas and the uncertain historical context in which they live. This article sheds light on the representation of life in the cemeteries and the concrete and symbolic function of this space. It also discusses this representation within the portrayal of peripheries and marginal spaces in contemporary Egyptian fiction, and explores the way the two novels—published several decades apart—use this ambivalent space to relate their respective historical realities.

In: Arabica
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Abstract

This article is dedicated to the Iraqi novel al-Mašṭūr : Sitt ṭarāʾiq ġayr šarʿiyya li-iǧtiyāz al-ḥudūd naḥwa Baġdād (2017) by Ḍiyāʾ Ǧbaylī. Through an illegal journey of two characters in Iraq, this book presents a new literary approach of the sectarian conflict that tears apart the country. Intertextuality with the Italian novel The Cloven Viscount (1952), by Italo Calvino, works as a connecting thread in the story. The complex Iraqi identity and the conflicts that are related to it are depicted as the result of both the country’s geographical position and its history. The first part of the article focuses on the spatial configuration in the story and the way the concept of borders is used to define the Iraqi identity. The latter is also the object of the second part that attempts to discuss the close relationship that the novel suggests between the body of the martyr and the homeland.

Open Access
In: Quaderni di Studi Arabi