Christian sources name several dozen Christian martyrs under Julian the Apostate. Six of these martyrs were according to such sources executed in Antioch during Julian’s stay in this city in 362-363 A.D. Pagan authors like Ammianus Marcellinus and Libanius are silent about their martyrdom, and about the persecution of Christians by Julian in general. It is examined in this article whether the Christian authors, among them John Chrysostom, represent historical reality more than Ammianus and Libanius do, and whether their writings can be adduced to prove that Julian was a persecutor.
Reports on the First Phase of the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1939)
Edited by Ger Teitler and Bernd Radtke
Mounting anxiety in the East-Indies about Japan’s military activity urged the authorities to collect as much information about the Japanese armed forces as possible. De Fremery’s reports on the Sino-Japanese war were in this period a most welcome source of information.
Contemporary reports on this conflict by militarily qualified Western observers are very rare. Colonel De Fremery’s account of the struggle forms an important contribution to our knowledge of its military aspects.