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In: Journal of Egyptian History
In: Egyptology from the First World War to the Third Reich
In: Towards a New History for the Egyptian Old Kingdom


The article presents and discusses the proper name of the owner of a recently unfolded and mounted Book of the Dead papyrus from the late 18th or 19th dynasty (Princeton University Library, Pharaonic Roll 5). It is proposed that the name in question is a Northwest Semitic theophoric sentence name in Egyptian transcription, 'adōnī-rō'ē-yāh “My lord is the shepherd of Yah”. Whereas the name Yahweh has been known from Egyptian toponym lists of the New Kingdom, the present name would be the first documented occurence of the god Yahweh in his function as a shepherd of Yah, the short form of the tetragrammaton. The article also points to a new etymology of the divine name and the cultural significance of the evidence.

In: Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions
In: Journal of Egyptian History
In: Egyptian and Semito-Hamitic (Afro-Asiatic) Studies in Memoriam Werner Vycichl
In: Ancient Egyptian Chronology

Martin Niemöller (1892–1984), a German Lutheran pastor, theologian, and ecumenist, grew up in Lippstadt and Elberfeld as the son of a pastor influenced by nationalistic Protestant ideas. After completing his secondary school education, he became an officer in the navy. During World War I he saw action in various capacities and at the end of the war was a submarine commander. After the war he began an agricultural apprenticeship but then in 1919 began studying theology in Münster. In 1920 Niemöller participated voluntarily in putting down the revolt of the so-called Red Army of the Ruhr. After passing his church examinations, he became the manager of the Westphalian Inner Mission in 1924, and in 1931 he accepted a pastoral position in Berlin-Dahlem.

in The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online