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- Author or Editor: Timothy Power x
In this chapter, I propose that certain songs of Sappho that have been regarded as choral may in fact have been monodic, involving choruses as “characters” represented or quoted within a solo song rather than as actual performers. I introduce the concept of “parachorality” to describe such representations, and Sappho’s more general tendency to engage with choreia to create emotional, thematic, rhetorical, and narrative effects within her monodic poetry. I explore the possibility that fragment 17, a song generally regarded as an authentic choral cult hymn to Hera delivered at the goddess’ sanctuary at Messon, was actually a monodic simulation of choral performance, the goal of which would have been to add religious and rhetorical bolster—“choral value,” in the words of Leslie Kurke—to Sappho’s solo prayer, probably for the return of her brother Charaxos. The paper concludes with a discussion of some parachoral elements in Alcaeus fragments 129 and 130b.
Timothy Power and Giselle Jamison
The paper deals with contexts, causes and consequences of mistrust in politicians in today's Latin America's. The weak support for democracy across the entire continent is generated as much by mistrust of politicians as of institutions. Citizens are increasingly willing to separate their evaluations of incumbents from their evaluation of democracy as a regime type. Incumbents have repeatedly modified constitutional arrangements to suit their own interests. The analysis is based on sources such as the Latinobarometro (17 countries from 1995-2003), the World Values Surveys (7 countries in 1995), the Hewlett/Tulane study (Chile, Costa Rica and Mexico in 1998), the Informe Iberoamericano, and Transparency International.