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Author: Ulrike Gleixner


The entrance of Protestantism into the non-European mission is closely connected with Pietism, as the Pietistic concept of conversion shows a clear expansive dimension. In 1701 the Halle activist and theologian August Hermann Francke published his vision of a Protestant world mission. This idea of conversion was rooted in a millenarian idea of future, in which the kingdom of God would spread gradually. In the eyes of the Pietists the Danish-Halle mission in South-East India was a key component to the Protestant kingdom of God. The activists of the Halle orphanage published not only a promotional mission journal, but also built a network of hundreds of supporters from the elite of society, which financed the realization of this project. The shared vision was a Protestant Empire. The activities of the mission network effected social and spatial changes in Europe and India.

In: Migration and Religion
In: A Companion to German Pietism, 1660-1800
This anthology assembles cross-disciplinary perspectives on the experience of and responses to forms of material and spiritual loss in early modern Germany, tracing how individuals and communities registered, coped with, and made sense of such events as war, religious reform, bankruptcy, religious marginalization, the death of spouses and children, and the loss of freedom of movement through a spectrum of activities including writing poetry, keeping diaries, erecting monuments, collecting books, singing, painting, reconfiguring space, repeatedly migrating, and painting, and thereby not only turned loss into gain but self-consciously made history. Emerging from the 2008 interdisiplinary conference of Frühe Neuzeit Interdisziplinär, the essays reveal how loss helped to create identity and gave rise to agency and creativity on the cusp of modernity.

Contributors are Rosalind J. Beiler, Claudia Benthien, Jill Bepler, Duane J. Corpis, Alexander J. Fisher, Ulrike Gleixner, Claudia Jarzebowski, Hans Medick, Barbara Lawatsch Melton, Christopher Ocker, Helmut Puff, Thomas Max Safley, Jeffrey Chipps Smith, Lynne Tatlock, Mara Wade, Lee Palmer Wandel, and Bethany Wiggin.