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Volume Editor: Virpi Mäkinen
The volume provides new evidence of how the legal ideas of the Lutheran Reformation were put into practice, especially in the Nordic countries, and how they worked in the history of law. Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden forming the largest Lutheran area in the world, this lacuna is considerable.
The first part of the book deals with the legal, theological and philosophical thought of the reformers. The second part examines the impact of the Reformation on particular aspects of legal reform, especially marriage and criminal law and the law on poor relief in the Northern Europe.
The study is based on interdisciplinary research by theologians and legal historians.

Contributors include: Kaarlo Arffman, Pekka Kärkkäinen, Mia Korpiola, Virpi Mäkinen, Heikki Pihlajamäki, Antti Raunio, Risto Saarinen, and Reijo Työrinoja.
In: Lutheran Reformation and the Law

Abstract

This chapter deals with the long-lasting debates on the meaning and legitimation of the concept of dominion (dominium) and dominion rights among heretics and infidels by focusing especially on two questions: how did theological theory in effect lead to the marginalization of people who are not part of the true faith or righteous elect, also in terms of politics, and second how might political theory be able to recognize the rights of individuals at the margins, including infidels? The chapter deals with these questions by analyzing, first, the notion of dominion rights among the 14th-century Augustinian theologians who followed the Hostiensian line of interpretation of grace-based dominion, and second, the 16th-century Spanish Dominican theologians, whose arguments offered an opposed view by maintaining that all rational human beings can possess dominion rights. All the authors whose views are covered here (e.g. Hostiensis, Giles of Rome, Richard FitzRalph, John Wyclif, and Francisco Vitoria) aligned themselves with the long interpretative tradition of the notion of dominion starting already from early 13th-century juridical and theological thinking.

In: Rights at the Margins
New investigations on the content, impact, and criticism of Aristotelianism in Antiquity, the Late Middle Ages, and modern ethics show that Aristotelianism is not an obsolete monolithic doctrine but a living and evolving tradition within philosophy. Modern philosophy and science are sometimes understood as anti-Aristotelian, and Early Modern philosophers often conceived their philosophical project as opposing medieval Aristotelianism. New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics brings to light the inner complexity of these simplified oppositions by analysing Aristotle’s philosophy, the Aristotelian tradition, and criticism towards it within three topics – knowledge, rights, and the good life – in ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy. It explores the resources of Aristotle’s philosophy for breaking through some central impasses and simplified dichotomies of the philosophy of our time.

Contributors are: John Drummond, Sabine Föllinger, Hallvard Fossheim, Sara Heinämaa, Roberto Lambertini, Virpi Mäkinen, Fred D. Miller, Diana Quarantotto, and Miira Tuominen
In: New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics