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In: The Legal Regime of the International Criminal Court
In: Immunities in the Age of Global Constitutionalism


This chapter confronts the writings of the Polish legal scholar Paulus Vladimiri and the Spanish theologist Francisco de Vitoria, who both worked on the power of the Pope and the Emperor in respect of pagans, i.e. infidels, at the Late Middle Ages and the outbreak of the modern era. Vladimiri developed his ideas against the backdrop of the war between Poland and the Teutonic Order, whereas de Vitoria disapproved the subjugation and subsequent annexation of Indian territories in the New World. The chapter explores the doctrinal writings of Vladimiri and of his compatriot Stanislaw Scarbimiri and compares them to de Vitoria’s writings on the relations between Indians and Christians.

In: Religion and International Law