Sexual and gender based violence has become a focus of modern-day international criminal justice. It is widely believed that the issue was ignored in previous efforts at international prosecution. Yet during and after the First World War there were serious and credible efforts to address allegations of sexual and gender-based violence. Feminist organizations took up the matter, submitting petitions to the Paris Peace Conference insisting that rape and forced prosecution not be neglected by the Commission on Responsibilities, which was charged with organizing the prosecutions. Ultimately, only a few trials took place at Leipzig and they did not address crimes against women.