In this essay, I engage with the concept of ‘world cinema,’ identifying ways in which the term ‘world’ might always already come loaded with masculine and, in particular, white connotations, such that a turn to ‘world cinema’ runs the risk of reaffirming the centrality of masculinity and whiteness—at a time when, perhaps it is of utmost importance, for the sake of the continuation of human and other life, to challenge and perhaps even to negate that centrality. What applies to ‘world’ (which may be a shorthand for white masculinity) may also apply to cinema, and so it is that cinema and white masculinity alike that must be abandoned for human life on Earth to progress. To propose a turn to world cinema may thus not ‘work’ as a means to develop film studies in an ethical, more inclusive direction, since both world and cinema are by nature exclusive, rather than inclusive.
Genomic imprinting may be implicated in the origin and maintenance of the cognitive architecture required for cultural transmission. Relatedness asymmetries are expected to lead to increases in the receptibility of matrilineally transmitted information. This may help explain why maternal genes contribute preferentially to the neocortex. That is, maternal genes could influence biases in the transmission and/or acquisition of information. This perspective is complementary to gene-culture coevolutionary approaches.
In experiments on responses to chemical food stimuli by previously unfed hatchlings from widely separated populations of the colubrid snake Coluber constrictor in the United States, strong responses were elicited by items important in the local diet. These differed between populations, suggesting that response has been adjusted to local diet by natural selection. Coluber constrictor priapus from South Carolina tongue-flicked at elevated rates to cues from lizards, snakes, and frogs, and bit only in response to a preferred lizard prey. They responded more strongly to the sympatric lizard Anolis carolinensis than to A. sagrei, an allopatric congener. Strong response to cues from the ophidiophagous snake Lampropeltis triangulum might reflect motivation for predator avoidance or for feeding, depending on relative snake sizes. Coluber constrictor mormon, for which insects and mammals are the most important foods, responded most strongly to stimuli from sympatric insects, mammals, and a lizard, as well as a bird.