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In: Transnationalism
In: Transnationalism
In: World Religions and Multiculturalism
In: World Religions and Multiculturalism
In: Identity, Culture and Globalization
This book is about contemporary sociological analysis: its discussions, contradictions and controversies. Authors from various backgrounds discuss developments on all continents.
The 34 contributions are centered on six themes. The first is multiple modernities, showing us that there is no single road to the modernization of societies. The second theme is globalization, with new concepts like spatialization, world languages and new social movements. In part three, multiculturalism and diaspora movements are viewed as the pivotal factors for change in many societies. The fourth theme is the decline of the accountability of the state, concentrating on the shortcomings of traditional states and the emergence of new resources. In part five, the concept of postmodernity is discussed from the angles of identity, social reality, detachment and legacy.
Finally, the sixth part, ‘Toward a New Agenda’ looks into the future and lets sociology (or rather social knowledge) play a major part in today’s society.
This volume is a rich collection of practical examples and solid arguments by some of the best sociologists in the world.
Diasporas and the Advent of a New (Dis)order
This book deals with transnationalism and captures its singularity as a generalized phenomenon. The profusion of transnational communities is a factor of fluidity in social orders and represents confrontations between contingencies and basic socio-cultural drives. It has created a new era different from the past at essential respects. This is an age of enriching cultural diversity fraught with threatening risks inextricably linked to contemporary globalization. National sovereignty is eroded from above by global processes, from below by aspirations of sub-national groups, and from the sides - by transnational allegiances. This is the backdrop against which this book delves into the fundamental issues relating to the nature, scope and overall significance of transnationalism.
This book is about new forms of religiosity and religious activity emerging in the context of their dialectic relations with contemporary multicultural realities. World religions are effectively a major agent of the multiculturalization of contemporary societies. However, multiculturalism pushes them not only toward change and reforms, but also toward new conflicts between and within them. This process should remind us of the Jewish legend of the Golem – an animated being created by man which finally challenges the latter’s control over it - a dialectic relation, indeed. World religions today greatly contribute to a world (dis)order that is multicultural both when viewed as a whole, and from within most societies that compose it. It is a development that contrasts both with the assumption that globalization implies one-way homogenization and convergence to Western modernity, and the expectation that globalization would be bound to polarize homogeneous civilizations.

This article argues that recent heated debates within sociology around the definition of the discipline’s terms of reference reflect basic identity dilemmas of sociology the seeds of which are found in the discipline’s “deep structures.” Our contention is that sociology is given to inner tensions rooted in a fundamental dilemma between its two basic and original aspirations: moral commitment and scientific validation. From this dilemma stem four syndromes that represent different solutions to this tension and which imply contrasting assertions of what sociology means to be: the moral commitment syndrome, the methodology syndrome, the engagement syndrome and the relativistic syndrome. General developments of sociology as well as of national sociologies are considered historically and comparatively in the light of these four syndromes. One is then led to see in the debates of today sociology a genuine crisis of identity where the basic inner tensions of the discipline engender acute divisiveness. These developments jeopardize the status and unity of sociology as a scientific and academic discipline, though on the other hand, they can also be seen as a proof of vitality formulating new problems, opening new horizons and creating new environments.

In: Comparative Sociology
In: Transnationalism