Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 11 items for

  • Author or Editor: Zhu Yu x
  • Search level: All x
Clear All
Author:

This paper focuses on the “rectification of names” (zhengming 正 名), an important and recurrent motif in the writings produced by Liu Shipei 劉師培 (1884–1919) before he betrayed the anti-Qing revolution. On the one hand, Liu has argued that the Chinese signifying system should be modified in response to the challenges posed by the West. On the other hand, he also understood that, within the prevailing imperialist world order, China’s acceptance of this universal law entailed the acceptance of an inferior position vis-à-vis the dominant world powers. Liu’s interpretation of the “rectification of names” was aimed at overcoming the boundaries between the West and China, and ultimately led him to support a radical anarchist revolution. Therefore, Liu Shipei’s approach to the “rectification of names” is representative of the way in which late Qing intellectuals responded to the great clashes between the traditional and the modern, the West and the East. One might argue that the discourse surrounding the “rectification of names” brought about a moment of “origin,”—that is to say, a moment of reconstructing the relationship between names and things—the scope of which was not limited to China. In this context, the political utopia conceptualized by Liu Shipei can be regarded as one explicit form of the “rectification of names.” Thus, the different ways in which Liu Shipei, Zhang Taiyan 章太炎 (1868–1936; also known as Zhang Binglin 章炳麟), and Lu Xun approach the problem of language suggest their different visions of the future of China.

In: Frontiers of Literary Studies in China

Perry’s theory has demonstrated usefulness in understanding students’ epistemological development and the implications for educational practices. It depicts the development of adults’ thinking in four stages: Dualism, Multiplicity, Relativism, and Commitment within Relativism. Challenges exist in large sample studies due to the lack of appropriate instruments that can represent the stages, in particular Multiplicity and Relativism. This challenge is of unique importance because the transition from Multiplicity to Relativism signifies the most dramatic change in thinking development. To map the epistemological development profile of Chinese engineering students on a large scale, this work re-constructed and validated a survey using Perry’s theory. We tested the survey through content and structural validation. Content validation was performed by collecting ratings from eight external content experts. Structural validation was accomplished through an exploratory factor analysis using responses from 621 Chinese engineering students. This survey can be useful for understanding Chinese engineering students’ epistemological development.

In: International Journal of Chinese Education

Stock price movements in China still remain highly harmonious, in spite of the many significant regulatory and structural changes over the recent years. A survey of the literature reveals that harmony in the stock price movements is related to a few salient features in China’s capital market: high ownership concentration, high incidence of the use of pyramidal ownership structure, significant state ownership, and a lack of active institutional investors. In addition, we also point out that harmonious stock prices may generally result from low intensity of private information acquisitions by risk arbitrageurs.

In: Frontiers of Business Research in China

In light of a series of ethical scandals in China in recent years, this research aims to develop a reliable and valid scale to measure ethical leadership, namely the “ethical leadership measure (ELM).” Our results show that ELM is strongly and positively correlated with scales for authentic leadership, ethical leadership, idealized influence, and a recently-developed leadership virtues questionnaire (LVQ); and negatively correlated with laissez-faire leadership and passive management by exception. ELM is also found to be positively related to followers’ job satisfaction, affective commitment, trust in leader, organizational citizenship behavior, and moral identity, and negatively related to followers’ intention to quit.

In: Frontiers of Business Research in China

Abstract

The phylogeny of Gryllidea remains a controversy due to inconsistent findings from morphological and molecular studies. In order to investigate the phylogenetic relationships among subfamilies in Gryllidea, we sequenced and analyzed the mitochondrial genomes of five species from different subfamilies. Our analysis included a total of 41 mitochondrial genomes from Gryllidea, and the resulting phylogenetic trees revealed following relationship (((((Gryllidae + Oecanthidae) + Phalangopsidae) +Trigonidiidae) + Mogoplistidae) + Myrmecophilidae) + Gryllotalpidae. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that Itarinae and Landrevinae were grouped in Gryllidae, and Euscyrtinae grouped together with Podoscirtinae in Oecanthidae. We focused on the presence of subapical spurs and dorsal spines on hind tibiae for ancestral character state reconstruction. The results indicated that hind tibiae of Gryllidea exhibited multiple transitions between only subapical spurs and only dorsal spines states.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Abstract

Amidst its diverse prehistoric civilizations, the Shizhaishan culture has provided evidence concerning the lives the ancient Dian people more than 2,000 years ago with its vivid and figurative excavated artifacts exhibiting exquisite craftsmanship and varied forms. One of the artifacts unearthed from Tomb M6, the “Golden Seal of the King of Dian,” matches exactly with descriptions in the Historical Records, serving as the only domestic case in which the “the dual evidence method” of historical research has been applied. Bronze ornaments embodying the sophistication of Bronze Age civilization in the Dian Kingdom have been excavated from this and subsequent large tombs, the cultural interaction between Dian and the Bronze Age plaques of the Scythians on the Eurasian steppe and the North System implies exchange between different prehistoric civilizations an issue that is still source of current academic debate. This paper provides an iconographic study of the Dian Kingdom bronze ornaments through the study of decorative motifs, inlaid materials, and the casting and gilding techniques. In this respect, we explore social production in the Dian Kingdom and contact between the civilizations of the East and the West across the “golden latitude” and connected by the “Southern Silk Road.” Our paper concludes that Bronze Ornaments are the concrete embodiment of the Ancient Chinese South-west highland and Western civilization in terms of the integration in the integration Dian culture. Therefore, this subject of is great value in terms of our understanding of both regional prehistory and cultural development.

In: African and Asian Studies

Quantification of the pattern and spatial distribution of soil organic carbon (SOC) is essential to comprehending many eco-hydrological processes. To obtain a better understanding of the spatial variability of SOC in a typical farming-pastoral zone, 270 soil samples were collected at 45 sampling sites from every 20 cm soil layer. Semi-variance function theory and ordinary Kriging interpolation were applied to identify the spatial variability of SOC. The results showed that SOC in the area was relatively low and decreased with depth and from the basin edge to the centre with a measured mean content of 0.07–0.65 g/kg. The strongest variability in the zone in the top soil layer (0–40 cm) was in the centre part of the zone, which was supposed to be the most concentrated area of human activities in the zone. As soil depth increase, the degree of variation of SOC decreased. Gaussian, exponential, and spherical models were suggested to successfully simulate SOC in different soil depth zones. The spatial distribution of SOC showed strong variability in the same soil depth zone, with a nugget to sill ratio of less than 14% and a range of 30–160 km.

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution

Caragana microphylla and Hedysarum laeve are two dominant leguminous shrubs that occur in the Otindag sandy areas of China. Freshly harvested seeds of both species germinated well in light and poorly in darkness. The optimal temperature for germination was 10 to 15 ºC in both species. We investigated the influences of the depth of burial in sand (1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, or 14 cm) and seed size (small, medium, or large) on seed germination and seedling emergence in these two species. Results showed that both plants had a similar response to burial in sand. The seedlings of C. microphylla emerged from deeper in the sand than those of H. laeve. Within each species, the deeper the seeds were buried in the sand, the lower the germination and emergence rates and the slower the seed germination and seedling emergence. A depth of 2 cm was the optimal depth for seed germination and seedling emergence in both species.

In: Israel Journal of Plant Sciences