looting of possessions from the vandalized homes and shops attracted the participation of a wider circle of Germans. The looters were, in many cases, neighbours who had gathered to observe the spectacle, and who moved in to help themselves to the spoils only after the wrecking had ceased. This behaviour
Wenn ein Volk erlischt, und Menschen schweigen, dann werden Steine reden. When a nation fades away and people are silent, then stones shall speak. – Adolf Hitler, 1935 The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, France presents an awesome spectacle. It includes the graves of
outdated as soon as the central government managed to realize it. War commemoration moved from the meditative and enclosed ambience of the traditional worship to the clamorous and open atmosphere of the public spectacle. For instance, Baoshan County in Jiangsu installed glass panels to the doors and
and Spectacle, 1851–1914, Stanford 1990, S. 102–103.
111 Alexander III. hatte in seiner Selbstpräsentation die Beziehung des Zaren zu den Eliten der russischen Gesellschaft besonders betont. Mit dieser Darstellung brach Nikolaus II. Wortman: Scenarios of Power, Bd. 2, S. 501.
112 1913 beim 300
: Architectural Spectacle in the 21st Century ,”
LA+: Interdisciplinary Journal of Landscape Architecture
5 : 66 – 73 .
Grabbe , H.
The EU’s Transformative Power Europeanization Through Conditionality in Central and Eastern Europe
( Basingstoke : Palgrave McMillan