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Maurizio Gotti


The paper analyses the evolution of the use of SHALL and WILL for the expression of the predictive function, using data drawn from both diachronic and synchronic corpora. For each period analysed, the following subcategories are taken into consideration: neutral prediction, prophecy, assurance. The aim of the longitudinal study carried out in the paper is to draw a few generalisations about some of the developments that have led to the contemporary usage of WILL and SHALL for the expression of predictive uses, so as to find confirmation of the evolutionary trend commonly pointed out in the literature about these central modals.


Editors Modals and Quasi-modals in English

Jong-pil Yoon

main goal of history is to produce, not predictions or plans of action, but retrospective beliefs, which makes the mechanism of verification through action inapplicable to history. Lastly, my position on Tamm’s ‘disciplinary consensus’ argument is that his approach, although giving a specific

A New Approach to Religious Orientation

The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex


Stephen W. Krauss and Ralph W. Hood Jr.

The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) model of religious orientation is introduced and the results from a series of model testing experiments are reviewed. The CRC model was developed through a series of studies in the United States and Romania and was created in an effort to reduce the theoretical and empirical difficulties associated with the traditional Allportian religious orientation models and measures. Toward this end, the difficulties associated with the Allportian religious orientation models are reviewed, along with how the CRC model attempts to address them. Next, the CRC model is introduced and a list of its predictions are given and compared to those of the Allportian models. The results of 10 model testing studies using multidimensional scaling are then reviewed. In these studies, the CRC model, which posits that all religious orientation can be located along dimensions of commitment (importance) and reflectivity (complexity), is found to be more accurate than the Allportian models in both the U.S. and Romania. Based on these studies, the meaning and interpretation of the Allportian measures are reviewed and new interpretations are suggested. Lastly, the relationships between religious orientation, mental health, personality, ideology, and prejudice are explored. In every area, the CRC model, and the measures based on it, show superior predictive abilities to traditional approaches in both the United States and Romania.

Dirk Kindermann

mpi makes the wrong predictions in many cases; further pragmatic theses aside, the views are committed to a particularly implausible form of speaker error. Or so I will argue in sections 2–6, taking into account patterns of cross-contextual rejection of knowledge claims, of retraction (section 4

David Rondel

, interest in Rorty’s book has increased dramatically since Donald Trump’s election. In what follows I revisit some of the main arguments in Achieving Our Country , twenty years after the book first appeared. Not only are many of Rorty’s diagnoses and predictions eerily prescient in the wake of the rise of

Fabulating Beauty

Perspectives on the Fiction of Peter Carey


Edited by Andreas Gaile

Peter Carey is one of Australia’s finest creative writers, much admired by both literary critics and a worldwide reading public.
While academia has been quick to see his fictions as exemplars of postcolonial and postmodern writing strategies, his general
readership has been captivated by his deadpan sense of humour, his quirky characters, the outlandish settings and the grotesqueries
of his intricate plots. After three decades of prolific writing and multiple award-winning, Carey stands out in the world of Australian
letters as designated heir to Patrick White.
Fabulating Beauty pays tribute to Carey’s literary achievement. It brings together the voices of many of the most renowned Carey critics in twenty essays (sixteen commissioned especially for this volume), an interview with the author, as well as the most extensive bibliography of Carey criticism to date. The studies represent a wide range of current perspectives on the writer’s fictions. Contributors focus on issues as diverse as the writer’s biography; his use of architectural metaphors; his interrogation of narrative structures such as myths and cultural master-plots; intertextual strategies; concepts of sacredness and references to the Christian tradition; and his strategies of rewriting history. Amidst predictions of the imminent death of ‘postist’ theory, the essays all attest to the ongoing relevance of the critical parameters framed by postmodernism and postcolonialism.

Canonical Texts: Bearers of Absolute Authority – Bible, Koran, Veda, Tipiaka

A Phenomenological Study (Translated by Henry Jansen and Lucy Jansen-Hofland)


Rein Fernhout

This book introduces a new approach to the comparative study of sacred texts - here the Christian Bible, the Islamic Koran, the Hindu Veda and the Buddhist Tipiaka. The author demonstrates that, in spite of their great differences, these works show a fundamental analogy.Considered as canonical within their own religious context, each text possesses absolute authority in comparison with other authoritative texts from their respective religious traditions. This fundamental analogy allows one to describe the growth and history of these canons, step by step, as a process that takes place in analogous phases that are clearly distinguishable. The author follows a strictly phenomenological method: he tries to understand the development of these canons in terms of a potential that lies within the phenomena themselves, i.e. the texts, while refraining in any way from assessing their claim to absolute authority.
In part I the author describes the development from the 'revelation' of the texts to a climax with respect to reflection on the canons. This climax has been reached in all four cases. Part II investigates the crisis that these canons are currently undergoing as a consequence of the modern intellectual climate. Can we expect that this crisis will be overcome by the canons? And if so, will they be in a position of mutual exclusion or will they form a sort of unity such as, for example, the Old and New Testament in the Christian Bible? Finally the author traces what the religions themselves have postulated about the future of their respective canons. The result is surprising: the current crisis is only faint reflection of what, according to age-old predictions, awaits the canons in the future.


Tim Ingold

matching up to their plans and predictions, it joins with them in their hopes and dreams. This is the very opposite of methodology. It is not to wrap method up into an impregnable shield, protecting the investigator from having to share in the suffering of those subjected to his hard-ball tactics, but