handicapped in not having an easy to learn script, and writing was confined to a narrow elite stratum of scholar-gentlemen or shih . The alphabet promotes a much higher degree of literacy and a much greater range of texts; in that limited sense it democratizes culture and enables books to circulate more
Clement Greenberg, long acknowledged as the theorist of American Modernism, defined Postmodernism in 1979 as the antithesis of all he loved: that is as the lowering of aesthetic standards caused by “the democratization of culture under industrialism.” Like our “Decadence” columnist
the birth of the digital era could decentralize power like never before and lead to an unprecedented democratization of knowledge. Given the apparent disdain that the philosopher expresses for those that use (mis-)information as a hegemonic tool to expand their sphere of influence or to maintain their
a class warmup.
There are also cases in which understanding is easy to come by but inadequate to produce interest. For instance, it is not difficult to grasp the point Steve Paxton aimed to make in Satisfyin’ Lover (1967), a choreographic work intended to democratize dance and undermine