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Yuval Lurie

Wittgenstein on the Human Spirit provides a new understanding of Wittgenstein’s discourse as an insightful philosophy of culture, pursued through self-reflection. It offers an edifying perspective on the conceptual underpinnings of culture as a shared expressive spiritual form of life. The ideas investigated in it are highly relevant for discussions in philosophy, aesthetics, anthropology, and cultural studies. The book embraces three studies: The Spirit of Jews, The Spirits of Culture and Civilization, and The Common Spirit of Human Beings. The first discusses Wittgenstein's remarks about Jews, focusing on their place within his philosophical thinking, self-reflection, and European discourse about culture and Jews. It shows how overcoming the anti-Semitic attitude implicit in them set off the major change in his philosophy. The second discusses Wittgenstein’s reflections on the “deterioration of culture” in the modern period, showing how they are related to his remarks about following rules. The third discusses Wittgenstein’s insights regarding the symbolic nature of myth, magic and religion. It suggests that modern human beings and those of ancient cultures possess a common expressive spiritual nature. This enables us to understand expressive practices in other cultures without interpretation. Nonetheless religious belief during the modern period is problematic.

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Edited by Johannes L. Brandl, Marian David and Leopold Stubenberg

The Mourning After

Attending the Wake of Postmodernism

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Edited by Neil Brooks and Josh Toth

Have we moved beyond postmodernism? Did postmodernism lose its oppositional value when it became a cultural dominant? While focusing on questions such as these, the articles in this collection consider the possibility that the death of a certain version of postmodernism marks a renewed attempt to re-negotiate and perhaps re-embrace many of the cultural, literary and theoretical assumptions that postmodernism seemly denied outright. Including contributions from some of the leading scholars in the field – N. Katherine Hayles, John D. Caputo, Paul Maltby, Jane Flax, among others – this collection ultimately comes together to perform a certain work of mourning. Through their explorations of this current epistemological shift in narrative and theoretical production, these articles work to “get over” postmodernism while simultaneously celebrating a certain postmodern inheritance, an inheritance that can offer us important avenues to understanding and affecting contemporary culture and society.

Aesthetic Anxiety

Uncanny Symptoms in German Literature and Culture

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Laurie Ruth Johnson

Aesthetic Anxiety analyzes uncanny repetition in psychology, literature, philosophy, and film, and produces a new narrative about the centrality of aesthetics in modern subjectivity. The often horrible, but sometimes also enjoyable, experience of anxiety can be an aesthetic mode as well as a psychological state. Johnson’s elucidation of that state in texts by authors from Kant to Rilke demonstrates how estrangement can produce attachment, and repositions Romanticism as an engine of modernity.

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Edited by Robert Wesson and Patricia A. Williams

Initiated by Robert Wesson, Evolution and Human Values is a collection of newly written essays designed to bring interdisciplinary insight to that area of thought where human evolution intersects with human values. The disciplines brought to bear on the subject are diverse - philosophy, psychiatry, behavioral science, biology, anthropology, psychology, biochemistry, and sociology. Yet, as organized by co-editor Patricia A. Williams, the volume falls coherently into three related sections. Entitled Evolutionary Ethics, the first section brings contemporary research to an area first explored by Herbert Spencer. Evolutionary ethics looks to the theory of evolution by natural selection to find values for human living. The second section, Evolved Ethics, discusses the evolution of language and religion and their impact on moral thought and feeling. Evolved ethics was partly Charles Darwin's subject in The Descent of Man. The last section bears the title Scientific Ethics. A nascent field, scientific ethics asks about the evolution of human nature and the implications of that nature for ethical theory and social policy. Together, the essays collected here provide important contemporary insights into what it is - and what it may be - to be human.

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Thorsten Botz-Bornstein and Giannis Stamatellos

knowledge and belief, and Plato’s preference for the conceptual and his dismissal of the image can cause problems for the film philosopher. 2 Neoplatonic philosophy can attract film philosophers for different reasons. First there is the originality of Plotinus’ understanding of time, which is described as

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Lynn S. Neal

may seek to control the uses of their religious tradition, but religious symbols, ideas and beliefs circulate through popular culture forms, from music to movies and from fiction to fashion. Transformed into a reservoir of signs and values which no longer correspond to clear-cut forms of belonging and

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Sanja Ivic

have a good deal of scientific knowledge of things, events, and so forth that are unobservable because of their small size relative to us. (Or many of our beliefs about unobservable tiny entities, events, and so forth are true and approximately true),” and about historical realism he continues, “we

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Benjamin Bennett-Carpenter

its world as plausible), but non-fiction often wants to instill belief (to accept its world as actual)” (2; cf. Nichols 2013 , 33 ff.). Rather than suspend their disbelief in order to enjoy an imaginary world, viewers believe in the real world presented on the screen. Nichols (2001) writes: “Belief