Edited by Dobrota Pucherova and Robert Gafrik
Starting from the late 1980s, Western European and American literature, art and philosophy present a crescent plea for a move away from postmodernism’s purportedly radical irony. The same appeal marks contemporary Russian literature, with several writers propagating new sincere or new sentimentalist substitutes for postmodernism. This article links the Russian debate on a new sincerity to the political transition of the late 1980s. Russian writers then confronted a radically new political reality, in which a free market replaced Soviet communism. Relying on auto-comments by Timur Kibirov and Vladimir Sorokin, I propose that their allegedly strictly literarily motivated protest against postmodernism is, in fact, tightly linked to socio-economic factors, such as the need for a broad reader audience.
Edited by Steve Giles and Rodney Livingstone
The essays in this volume also address a variety of general questions, concerning - for example - authorship and textuality; the nature of Brecht’s Marxism in relation to his understanding of modernity, science and Enlightenment reason; Marxist aesthetics; radical cultural politics; and feminist performance theory.
Scott Eric Hamilton
World War II and Its Aftermath in Estonian Post-Soviet Life Stories
Edited by Ene Kõresaar
The first part of the book examines the persistent remembrance of World War II. Eight life stories of Estonian men are presented, revealing different war trajectories: mobilised between 1941 and 1944, the narrators served in the Red Army and its work battalions, fought against the Soviet Union in the Finnish Army, Waffen-SS, Luftwaffe, the German political police force and Wehrmacht, deserted from the Red Army, were held in German and Soviet prison and repatriation camps.
The second part of the book offers a critical analysis of the stories from a multidisciplinary point of view: what were the possible life trajectories for an Estonian soldier under Soviet and German occupations in the 1940s? How did the soldiers cope with the extreme conditions of the Soviet rear? How are the veterans’ memories situated in terms of different memory regimes and what is their position in the post-Soviet Estonian society? What role does ethnic and generational identity play in the formation of veterans’ war remembrance? How do individuals cope with war trauma and guilt in life stories?
Offering a wide range of empirical material and its critical analysis, Soldiers of Memory will be important for military, oral and cultural historians, sociologists, cultural psychologists, and anybody with an interest in the history of World War II, post/communism, and cultural construction of memory in contemporary Eastern European societies.