ideas regarding human beings, their relationship with God and their ethical responsibility will be compared with the ideas of a scholar whose contribution is today regarded as indespensible in the contemporary legal-ethical thinking, i.e. the maqāṣid -thinking of the Andalusian scholar Abū Isḥāq al
account of Sufi virtue ethics, which allows him to make targeted modifications to the classical theory of maqāṣid al-sharīʿa , or the purposes of legislation. The ideas of Fazlur Rahman challenge this approach by stressing the development of a genuine theory of social ethics from the Qurʾan able to deal
than “the Deputy ( nāʾib ) of the Imam.” 24 Al-Karakī’s main legal work, the Jāmiʿat al-maqāṣid , is a commentary on the ʿAllāma al-Ḥillī’s Qawāʿid al-aḥkām . It was written, so he tells us in a short preface, as a way to discharge some of his obligations towards the exalted, victorious, monarchical
maqāṣid al-sharīʿa (objectives of the Sharia). Most relevant to our discussion here is that al-Jabri states that the Islamic influence that calls for the public good and for social justice has been minor on Arab politics. Moreover, al-Jabri is very critical of gnosticism and Sufism, and their champions
Insāniyya Jadīda—Baḥth fī Falsafat Ṭāha ʿAbd al-Raḥmān [Humanity as a Horizon for Thought: Towards New Humanism—A Study in the Philosophy of Taha Abderrahmane]. Beirut: Markaz Maʿārif and Casablanca: Dār al-Maqāsid.
Arḥīla, ʿAbbās. 2013. Faylasūf fī al-Muwājaha: Qirāʾa fī Fikr