Samarqand was foundational for the intellectual life of the Ottoman Empire in the fifteenth and early-sixteenth centuries. 10 First, the article will study the section on astronomy in Saʿd al-Dīn al-Tafāzānī’s (d. 793/1390) Sharḥ al-Maqāṣid . Like ʿAḍud al-Dīn al-Ījī’s (d. 756/1355) Kitāb al-Mawāqif fī
for a long time in the Ottoman madrasa . In Sharḥ al-ʿAqāʾid , al-Taftāzānī starts the theological activity of the Ahl al-Sunna with Abū l-Ḥasan al-Ashʿari and identifies the Ahl al-Sunna only with the Ashʿariyya. 33 But, in Sharḥ al-Maqāṣid he revised this view, saying that the Maturidiyya
, with both the organic and inorganic matters of God’s creation, al-Ghazālī’s viewpoints underwent an interesting development during his lifetime. In his early work, Maqāṣid al-falāsifa ( The intentions of the philosophers ), he is rather critical of physics, as he makes clear here
is not supported by the surviving manuscripts or bibliographical lists.
44 One is the Maqāṣid al-iʿrāb by Shihāb al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. al-Hāʾim al-Maqdisī (d. 815/1412), MS Cairo ii, 162, described as a manẓūma fī sharḥ al-jumal . I am grateful to the anonymous reviewer of this
/1390), in Sharḥ al-maqāṣid ; and
Badr al-Dīn al-Zarkashī (d. 794/1392), in Sharḥ jamʿ al-jawāmiʿ . 90
Ḳorḳud argued that these scholars all agreed on the idea that individuals’ utterances convey certainty concerning the legal repercussions of scripture—and obedience
deviations ( bidʿat ).
81 See the colophon of miscellany containing Şirvānī’s treatise along with Sivāsī’s Dürerü’l-ʿakā’id , SK , MS Çelebi Abdullah 195.
82 See a new heresiography text, which is modeled from the discussions of Taftāzānī’s Sharḥ al-maqāsid : Muṣṭafā al
combining siyāsa and sharia and practicing siyāsa sharʿiyya , defined as the kind of siyāsa that serves “ sharʿī ends” ( al-maqāṣid al-sharīʿa ) and safeguards public order. 47
Cöngī next sets out to establish the legitimacy of siyāsa sharʿiyya on the grounds of evidence from the Quran and
attended an Islamic religious school, Jamʿiyyat al-Maqāṣid al-Khayriyya al-Islāmiyya (al-Maqāṣid Charitable Islamic College), and later Kulliyyat Fārūq al-Sharʿiyya (Fārūq College of Islamic Canon Law...
. Three of the five basic values of religious law (maqāṣid al-sharīʿa)—reason (ʿaql), life (nafs), and progeny (nasab)—are strongly related to the body. Relevant opinions can be found in the legal manuals...
al-Dīn Masʿūd b. ʿUmar al-Taftāzānī (d. 793/1390). In one passage of the Sharḥ al-maqāṣid (which is al-Taftāzānī’s commentary on his own work, the Maqāṣid al-ṭālibīn fī uṣūl al-dīn ), 56 he declares:
The obvious construction one might put on the quarrels between the Companions