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opposites’ (ἐναντιότητας), such as the limited and the unlimited, and “chance opposites,” such as white and black, and large and small. 395 This runs counter to the conclusion of Hikmet Yaman, who considers ḥikma to be of primarily Islamic origin. The difference in my approach is that I have focused not

In: Sainthood and Authority in Early Islam: Al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī’s Theory of wilāya and the Reenvisioning of the Sunnī Caliphate

Sherman A. Jackson, Islam and the Problem of Black Suffering , 102. 433 Schacht discusses an early Murjiʾī text Al-ʿālim wa l-mutaʿallim attributed to Abū Ḥanīfa through the riwāya of Abū Muqātil al-Samarqandī (d. 208/823) although Schacht argues that Abū Muqātil was the original author of the text

In: Sainthood and Authority in Early Islam: Al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī’s Theory of wilāya and the Reenvisioning of the Sunnī Caliphate

nevertheless adhering firmly to his linguistic principles and avoiding recourse to purely rational considerations. A simple example is the following ḥadīth , reported on the authority of Ibn ʿAbbās: “The Black Stone is the right hand of God on earth; whoever shakes it and kisses it, it is as if he had shaken

In: Ibn Taymiyya on Reason and Revelation

a later work, Maqālāt al-Islāmiyyīn (Theological doctrines of the Muslims), however, his tone is calmer and his positions are less black and white, as he is freer to “take the spoils from defeated Muʿtazilism and enrich therewith a henceforth orthodox kalām ” 126 (which, for Ibn Taymiyya, it

In: Ibn Taymiyya on Reason and Revelation

passage, where he states that judgements ( al-qaḍāʾ bi-anna ) such as that black and white are contraries ( yataḍāddān ), or that motion and rest are contradictory ( yatanāqaḍān ), or that a body cannot be in two places at one and the same time are akin to “all universal propositions that [, which

In: Ibn Taymiyya on Reason and Revelation

Shīʿī (pl. Shīʿa) group in the third/ninth and fourth/tenth centuries known for adhering to a highly esoteric exegesis of the Qurʾān that often seemed to involve a complete disregard for the outward sense of the text. The Qarāmiṭa are perhaps most reputed for their infamous theft of the Black Stone and

In: Ibn Taymiyya on Reason and Revelation