This outstanding work is a manual that enables one to identify pupae, or empty pupal skins, of about two thirds (some 2,600 species) of the Central European Lepidoptera. The text part of about 560 pages comprises a short introduction, identification keys, and species-for species accounts including succinct descriptions of pupal morphology as well as information about habitats, life-style and food plants. The illustration part consists of 271 plates including more than 8,000 line drawings of the treated pupae and/or structural details pertinent for their identification.
Lepidoptera Pupae of Central Europe should be useful for anyone with a primary interest in Central European Lepidoptera. It will also be indispensable for population ecologists studying predators and parasites of Lepidoptera, for soil biologists (since so many Lepidoptera pupate in/on the soil), and for applied entomologists in need of identifying lepidopteran pests without rearing the adults. All families are well covered except for the Nepticulidae and Coleophoridae, for which much basic research on pupal stucture still remains to be done (and whose immatures are usually identifiable from mine architecture/case structure anyway) and a few of the smallest families.
Current developments in Central Europe will have far-reaching consequences on the region’s forestry and related institutional arrangements, such as forest administration, extension services and forest research. Future prospects for the rural population living on income from forestry will considerably depend on how individuals and organisations react in view of these changes. It will be vitally important how forest owners and managers apply new knowledge in forestry and how organisations best deal with the emerging changes. Innovation and entrepreneurship are main driving forces for economic growth, competitiveness and employment creation, especially in rural areas. From 2001 to 2003, the EFI Regional Project Centre INNOFORCE conducted research on innovation and entrepreneurship in forestry in Central Europe, seeking answers to the following questions: What is the situation and perceived future outlook for forestry in the region? How important are innovation and entrepreneurship considered in the sector? How much innovation and entrepreneurship is actually taking place? What are supporting and impeding factors? The research report provides new knowledge on innovation behaviour of forest holdings and forest related innovation systems in Central Europe and on changes that are necessary to enhance innovation and entrepreneurship in the sector. Survey results are accompanied by lessons learned from more than 30 cases referring to innovations in forestry implemented in eight countries.
The Oral Cavities of CentralEuropean Anuran Larvae (Amphibia) Morphology, Ontogenesis and Generic Diagnosis Bruno Viertel Institute of Zoology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Saarstraße 21, D-6500 Mainz, F.R.Germany Abstract. With few additions (structures here called prenarial lobes
. veronensis Pollini, 1818 from the Italian Peninsula and south-eastern France (Gvoždík et al., 2010 , 2013 ). Two species are native to CentralEurope: A. fragilis and A. colchica (uncorrected p -distances 8.1% in the mitochondrial ND2 gene; Gvoždík et al., 2010 ), which were for a long time previously
The fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra L., in centralEurope: subspecies distribution and intergradation Michael Veith Institut fiir Zoologie, Abt. Populationsbiologie, Universität Mainz, Saarstraße 21, D-6500 Mainz, Germany Abstract. Allozyme electrophoresis of 14 loci provided information
Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (2007): 493-501 Beaver ponds as habitat of amphibian communities in a centralEuropean highland Lutz Dalbeck 1 , ∗ , Beatrice Lüscher 2 , Dagmar Ohlhoff 3 Abstract. The Eurasian beaver Castor fiber , formerly occurred across the Palaearctic, but was nearly eradicated in the
Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (2011): 149-158 Large eggs and ploidy of green frog populations in CentralEurope El˙zbieta Czarniewska 1 ,* , Mariusz Rybacki 2 , Maciej Pabijan 3 , Leszek Berger 4 Abstract. Green frogs of CentralEurope consist of three taxa: Pelophylax ridibundus , P. lessonae and their
habitat use (e.g. Hartel et al., 2010a, 2010b). Understanding environmental factors governing amphibian habitat use is important in CentralEurope also because this region currently faces human-induced habitat changes, e.g. habitat fragmentation (Csorba, 2008 ; Kovács, Vági and Török, 2010 ) and climate
/Pleistocene boundary at approximately 2.5 Ma. However, Ferchaud et al. ( 2012 ) and Zinenko et al. ( 2015 ) currently consider that isolated CentralEuropean populations of V. ursinii rakosiensis likely diverged from the V. ursinii moldavica clade shortly after the Early/Middle Pleistocene transition and
Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 367-378 Spring migration distances of some CentralEuropean amphibian species Roman Kovar 1 , Marek Brabec 2 , Radovan Vita 1 , Radomir Bocek 3 Abstract. Migration distances of eight species of amphibians were studied at 14 sites in the Czech Republic in the course