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Fahed Al-Sumait MEJCC Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 4 (2011) 125–145 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI 10.1163/187398611X571319 Public Opinion Discourses on Democratization in the Arab Middle East Fahed Al-Sumait * University of Washington, USA Email: alsumait

Elton Skendaj

Democratizing Process 1 Elton Skendaj Cornell University Abstract Th is article presents a case study of the dynamics of implementing an internationally-funded peace education project at the local level. Drawing on the author’s personal experience as Albanian National Coordinator for the Peace and Disarmament

J. Bruce Jacobs

Taiwan—together with India, Japan and South Korea—is one of only four consolidated Asian democracies. Democratizing Taiwan provides the most comprehensive analysis of Taiwan's peaceful democratization including its past violent authoritarian experiences, leadership both within and outside government, popular protest and elections, and constitutional interpretation and amendments. Using extensive field research including the conduct of many interviews with government and party leaders, journalists, academics and a wide variety of citizens over many years as well as substantial research into documents, newspapers and academic research, Professor Jacobs provides many new insights into Taiwan's democratization. He also analyses areas in which Taiwan continues to face difficulties.

Thomas Kalinowski

Kalinowski University of California, Berkeley, Institute of East Asian Studies, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Abstract In this paper I analyze the nexus between economic crises, market oriented reforms, and democratization in Indonesia and Korea since

George Klay Kieh

Democratization and Peace in Africa GEORGE KLAY KIEH, JR. * ABSTRACT The paper examines three interrelated issues: 1) The nature and dynamics of the Western-led "crusade for democratization in Africa;" 2) the obstacles to democratization and peace; and 3) the prospects for democratization and


Adina Stefan

Securitization and Democratization reveals the mutual dependency between democratization and securitization, two processes that while evolving reinforce each other. The study of the democratic consolidation is complemented by the more complex and dynamic securitization elements that offer an in-depth view of the internal threats to be faced. Ms. Stefan’s analysis creates an articulated and coherent concept underlying the close dependence between democracy and security. As a study case, Romania provides a wide scale of situations in several security sectors and contributes to building a model that is operational in any post-communist society.

Muhammad Ayish

compatible with envisioned democratization trends, it is public service rather than commercial broadcasting that holds the promise for that democratic vision. State broadcasters share signifi cant features with their public service counterparts when it comes to service universality, funding, social and

Christian Welzel

Democratization in the Human Development Perspective Christian Welzel 1 A bstract This article describes a model that considers the emergence and fl orescence of democracies as something embedded in a more encompassing evolutionary process. Democratization in this light is the institutional


Mark G. Brett

This book analyses patterns of collective action that emerged during Guatemala’s democratic transition between 1985 and 1996, focusing in particular on the role of indigenous actors in the political processes undergirding and shaping democratisation and the respective impact of the transition upon indigenous social movements. Comparatively little has been written about collective action in Guatemala within the discipline of political science, despite the mobilisation of a wide range of social movements in response to the brutal armed conflict; rather, literature has focused principally on the role of elite actors in democratisation. This study presents a fresh perspective, presenting an analysis of the political evolution of three social movements and their human rights platforms through the framework of social movement theory.

Günay Göksu Özdoğan and Büşra Ersanlı

practices still persist in the civil and military bureaucracy, mass media and political parties in contention. Whether Kurdish participation in Turkey’s politics will fare in ‘normal’ terms in the future is largely dependent on Turkey’s democratization process in which the Kurdish politicians’ claims to